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Emotion Regulation Questionnaire
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- Emotion Regulation Questionnaire
- About Emotion Regulation Questionnaire
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About Emotion Regulation Questionnaire
Emotion Regulation Questionnaire
James J. Gross and Oliver P. John
The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) was developed in 2003 by James J. Gross and Oliver P. John. It was one of the first self-report measures to assess the use of two specific emotion regulation strategies: cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression.
Cognitive reappraisal involves changing the way you think about a situation in order to change your emotional response. For example, if you’re feeling anxious about a job interview, you could reappraise the situation by thinking about all of your qualifications and experience. This could help you to feel more confident and less anxious.
Expressive suppression involves trying to control or hide your emotions. For example, if you’re feeling angry at someone, you might try to suppress your anger by not yelling or frowning. This can be a helpful strategy in some situations, but it can also lead to negative consequences, such as increased stress and anxiety.
The ERQ is a 10-item self-report measure that assesses how frequently people use cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression strategies. It is a widely used and well-validated measure, and it has been used in hundreds of research studies.
The ERQ is easy to administer and score, and it can be used with a variety of populations. It is a useful tool for researchers, clinicians, and practitioners who are interested in understanding and assessing emotion regulation strategies.
The ERQ has been used in a variety of research settings, including:
- To study the relationship between emotion regulation and mental health outcomes, such as anxiety, depression, and stress.
- To identify factors that promote or hinder the use of adaptive emotion regulation strategies.
- To develop and evaluate interventions to improve emotion regulation skills.
The ERQ is also used in clinical settings to assess and treat individuals with emotion regulation difficulties. For example, clinicians may use the ERQ to identify clients who may be at risk for developing mental health problems due to their emotion regulation strategies. Clinicians can also use the ERQ to track clients’ progress over time as they learn new emotion regulation skills.
Administration, Scoring and Interpretation
To administer the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ), you can follow these steps:
- Provide the participant with a copy of the ERQ and the instruction sheet.
- Ask the participant to read the instructions carefully and to complete the questionnaire as honestly as possible.
- Explain that there are no right or wrong answers, and that the questionnaire is simply designed to assess their use of common emotion regulation strategies.
- Allow the participant to ask any questions they may have before they begin.
- Once the participant has completed the questionnaire, thank them for their participation.
Reliability and Validity
The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) is a well-established and reliable measure of emotion regulation strategies. It has been used in hundreds of research studies and has been shown to have good psychometric properties, including reliability and validity.
The reliability of a measure refers to its consistency over time and across different situations. The ERQ has been shown to have good reliability, with Cronbach’s alpha coefficients ranging from 0.70 to 0.85 for the cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression subscales. This indicates that the ERQ is a consistent measure of emotion regulation strategies.
The validity of a measure refers to its ability to measure what it is intended to measure. The ERQ has been shown to have good validity, as evidenced by the following:
- The ERQ subscales are correlated with other measures of emotion regulation, such as the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale and the Emotion Regulation Interview.
- The ERQ subscales are differentially associated with mental health outcomes. For example, cognitive reappraisal is associated with better mental health outcomes, while expressive suppression is associated with worse mental health outcomes.
- The ERQ subscales are responsive to changes in emotion regulation strategies. For example, the ERQ subscales have been shown to change following interventions to improve emotion regulation skills.
Gross, J.J., & John, O.P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation
processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 348-362.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the ERQ?
The ERQ is a 10-item self-report questionnaire that assesses how frequently people use cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression strategies to regulate their emotions.
What are cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression?
Cognitive reappraisal involves changing the way you think about a situation in order to change your emotional response. Expressive suppression involves trying to control or hide your emotions.
Who can use the ERQ?
The ERQ can be used by anyone who is interested in understanding their own emotion regulation strategies or the emotion regulation strategies of others. It is also used by researchers and clinicians to assess and treat individuals with emotion regulation difficulties.
How do I score the ERQ?
To score the ERQ, simply add up your responses to the five cognitive reappraisal items and the five expressive suppression items. Higher scores indicate a greater tendency to use that strategy.
What do my ERQ scores mean?
There are no “normal” or “abnormal” ERQ scores. The scores should be interpreted in the context of the individual’s other characteristics and behaviors. For example, a high score on the expressive suppression subscale may be a concern for someone who is also experiencing high levels of stress or anxiety.
How can I improve my emotion regulation skills?
There are a number of things you can do to improve your emotion regulation skills. One is to learn more about cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression strategies. There are also a number of evidence-based interventions that can help people to improve their emotion regulation skills, such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR).
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