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Leisure Satisfaction Scale
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About Scale Name
Leisure Satisfaction Scale
The authors of the Leisure Satisfaction Scale (LSS) are J.G. Beard and M.G. Ragheb.
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The Leisure Satisfaction Scale (LSS) was developed by J.G. Beard and M.G. Ragheb in 1980 as a measure of individuals’ satisfaction with the leisure activities they participate in. It is used to assess the quality of life and overall well-being of individuals. The LSS is a self-report measure that typically includes a list of leisure activities and asks individuals to rate their level of satisfaction with each activity on a scale, such as a 5-point Likert scale. The scale includes items that assess satisfaction with different types of leisure activities, such as physical activities, social activities, and solitary activities. The LSS can be used with both adult and adolescent populations and it has been used in various research studies, including studies on leisure and aging, leisure and health, and leisure and well-being. The LSS has been widely used in many cultures and countries and it has been translated into many languages.
The Leisure Satisfaction Scale (LSS) is typically scored by summing the individual ratings for each activity. The scores can range from the lowest possible score, which would be the sum of the lowest ratings for each activity, to the highest possible score, which would be the sum of the highest ratings for each activity. The scores can be used to identify areas where an individual may be dissatisfied with their leisure experiences and could benefit from additional recreational opportunities or activities. It’s important to note that different versions of the LSS might have different scoring methods and different number of items. Also, some studies may use the mean or the median of the scores instead of the sum. It’s always recommended to consult the original paper by J.G. Beard and M.G. Ragheb (1980) or the specific study you are using for the proper scoring method.
Reliability and Validity
Reliability refers to the consistency of a measure, or the extent to which it produces the same results when used on different occasions or with different groups of people. Validity refers to the extent to which a measure actually measures what it is intended to measure.
Reliability of the Leisure Satisfaction Scale (LSS) has been established through various studies. The internal consistency of the scale, as measured by Cronbach’s alpha, has been found to be high, indicating that the items on the scale are highly correlated with one another. Test-retest reliability has also been found to be high, indicating that individuals’ scores on the scale are consistent over time.
Validity of the LSS has also been established through various studies. Convergent validity, which refers to the extent to which the scale is related to other measures of similar constructs, has been established through correlations with other measures of leisure satisfaction, well-being, and quality of life. Discriminant validity, which refers to the extent to which the scale is not related to measures of unrelated constructs, has also been established through correlations with unrelated measures such as depression and anxiety.
It’s worth to note that the reliability and validity of the LSS might vary based on the population and culture it is used with. Therefore, it’s always recommended to consult the specific study you are using or to conduct a validation study if you are using the LSS with a new population or culture.
51- Items Original and 24-Items short Version
Beard, J. G., & Ragheb, M. G. (1980). Measuring Leisure Satisfaction. Journal of Leisure Research, 12(1), 20–33.
Kim, S. H., & Cho, D. (2022). Psychometric properties of Leisure Satisfaction Scale (LSS)-short form: A Rasch rating model calibration approach. BMC Psychology, 10, 151. https://doi.org/10.1186/s40359-022-00861-1
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