Depressive disorders – Categorize, Causes, Preventions, and Treatment

Aamir Ranjha

Depressive disorders - categorize, Causes, Preventions and Treatment

Depressive disorders – categorize, Causes, Preventions, and Treatment

Here in this post, we are providing insight about “ Depressive Disorders”. You can read Overview, Categorize, Causes, Prevention, and Treatment. Keep visiting Psychology Roots.

Overview of Depressive Disorders

Depressive disorders are family disorders that have a negative impact on our health, behaviour, and feelings. People usually mixed term worry and depression. But this is not true, actually worry is a normal part of life and is for a shorter period but depression is intense feelings of irritability, worthlessness, alogia, fatigue and difficulty in concentrating and it remains for a long period of time ( generally most of the time in a day or over years).

Depressive disorders - categorize, Causes, Preventions and Treatment
Depressive disorders – categorize, Causes, Preventions, and Treatment


Depressive disorders are categorized with respect to the age of the client, timing, and presumed etiology. Depressive disorders include:

  • Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder
  • Major depressive disorder
  • Persistent depressive disorder
  • Premenstrual dysmorphic disorder
  • Substance medication-induced depressive disorder
  • Depressive disorder due to another medical condition
  • Other specified depressive disorder
  • Unspecified depressive disorder

Disruptive mood regulation disorder

Disruptive mood regulation disorder is a severe type of depressive disorder that remains for at least 12 or more months. The clients have symptoms of temperament outbursts, verbal or nonverbal, or physical aggression. The onset of this disorder is 10 years.

Major depressive disorder

Major depressive disorder is a type of depressive disorder that has a duration of at least two weeks. And it usually affects our cognition, neurocognitive functions, and inter episodes abrogation. Bereavement, sadness, grief is not considered in Major depressive disorder. If major depressive disorders co-occur with functional impairment, it can cause severity.  Depressed mood, lack of interest and pleasure, weight loss, lack of sleep, fatigue(without any work) worthlessness or feeling of burdensomeness, lack of concentration, persistent thoughts of suicide, or harming oneself are common symptoms.

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Persistent depressive disorder

Persistent depressive disorder also called Dysthymia is a chronic form of depression and is clinically treated if its duration provokes for at least two years in adults and one year in children. Most clients or patients have symptoms like lack of appetite or overeating, lack of sleep or oversleeping, feeling of worthlessness, lack of concentration, and feeling of burdensomeness.

Premenstrual dysphoric disorders

Premenstrual dysphoric disorders are a type of depressive disorder that exists in females just after the remission of menses and cause remarkable impairment in academic and functional development and areas of life. Researchers are working and exploring more about this type of disorder. Symptoms are mood swings, interpersonal conflicts, feeling of worthlessness, extreme worry, anxiety, lack of interest in routine activities, concentration problems, lack of sleep or oversleep, and physical problems like( breast swelling, bloating, and a significant increase in weight.

Substance medication-induced Depressive disorder

Substance medication-induced Depressive disorder is a form of depression by the use of prescribed medications or unprescribed substance abuse. This causes severe mood swings, depressed mood, and alogia. The symptoms may appear during substance intoxication or withdrawal and exposure to the medication.

Depressive disorder due to another medical condition

Depressive disorder due to another medical condition is a type of depressive disorder that is caused by the consequence of some other pathological or medical condition. Such clients must have past history of functional in neurological or any other impairment or problem. Such clients have symptoms the same as other types of depressive disorders.

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Unspecified depressive disorder

Unspecified depressive disorder is a type of disorder in which clients may have symptoms of more than one depressive disorder or have symptoms of the depressive disorder but do not meet the full criteria. This category is used when clinicians are not able to specify the name of the disorder, but the disorder is significantly causing impairment in the client’s social, occupational, and academic life.

Causes of depressive disorders

  • Biological difference
  • Brain or neurological impairment
  • Hormonal problems
  • Genetical disorders


  • Learn to control your mood
  • Share your problems with family and friends.


  • Medications like selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIS) and bupropion (Wellbutrin).
  • Psychotherapy
  • Changing lifestyle
  • By taking sleep and doing exercise
  • Gratitude

We’re Here For You

If you or someone you know is struggling with Mental Health, we’re here for you. For more information, resources, or to consult with one of our specialists, call +92-333 6800644.

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I am a senior clinical psychologist with over 11years of experience in the field. I am the founder of Psychology Roots, a platform that provides solutions and support to learners and professionals in psychology. My goal is to help people understand and improve their mental health, and to empower them to live happier and healthier lives.

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