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Emotional Empathy Scale Urdu
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- Emotional Empathy Scale Urdu
- About Emotional Empathy Scale Urdu
- Frequently Asked Questions
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About Emotional Empathy Scale Urdu
Emotional Empathy Scale Urdu
Shazia Ashraf ([email protected])
Empathy is the ability to understand and share the feelings of another person. It is a complex cognitive and emotional process that involves a number of different skills, including perspective taking, emotional contagion, and empathic concern.
Emotional empathy is a specific type of empathy that refers to the ability to experience the emotions of others vicariously. It is often described as “feeling what someone else is feeling.” Emotional empathy is important for building and maintaining relationships, as well as for prosocial behavior.
The Emotional Empathy Scale Urdu (EES Urdu) is a self-report questionnaire developed by Ashraf (2004) to assess the trait of emotional empathy in adolescents and adults in Pakistan. It is a 26-item scale that measures the tendency to experience vicariously the (positive and negative) emotional experiences of others.
The EES Urdu is based on the theoretical model of emotional empathy proposed by Mehrabian (1996). It measures three factors of emotional empathy:
- Emotional contagion: The ability to automatically and unconsciously experience the same emotions as others.
- Empathic concern: The ability to feel concerned about the welfare of others and to want to help them in distress.
- Perspective taking: The ability to see the world from the perspective of others and to understand their thoughts and feelings.
The EES Urdu is scored on a 7-point Likert scale, with 1 representing “strongly disagree” and 7 representing “strongly agree.” Respondents are asked to indicate the extent to which each item describes them.
The EES Urdu has been shown to be a reliable and valid measure of emotional empathy in Pakistani adolescents and adults. It has been used in a number of research studies to investigate the relationship between emotional empathy and other variables, such as prosocial behavior, mental health, and academic achievement.
Administration, Scoring and Interpretation
- Provide participants with a copy of the EES Urdu and a pen or pencil.
- Instruct participants to read each item carefully and to indicate the extent to which each item describes them on the 7-point Likert scale.
- Inform participants that there are no right or wrong answers and that they should respond honestly and accurately.
- Allow participants sufficient time to complete the EES Urdu.
Reliability and Validity
The Emotional Empathy Scale Urdu (EES Urdu) has been shown to be a reliable and valid measure of emotional empathy in Pakistani adolescents and adults.
Reliability refers to the consistency of a measure. A reliable measure will produce similar results when administered to the same people on different occasions.
The EES Urdu has been shown to have high internal consistency, meaning that the items on the scale are all measuring the same thing. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient for the EES Urdu is typically above 0.80, which is considered to be good reliability.
Validity refers to the extent to which a measure measures what it is intended to measure. There are different types of validity, including construct validity, convergent validity, and discriminant validity.
Construct validity: Construct validity refers to the extent to which a measure is theoretically sound and captures the meaning of the construct it is intended to measure.
The EES Urdu was developed based on a well-established theoretical model of emotional empathy. Additionally, the scale has been shown to correlate with other measures of empathy, suggesting that it is measuring the intended construct.
Convergent validity: Convergent validity refers to the extent to which a measure correlates with other measures that are supposed to measure the same thing.
The EES Urdu has been shown to correlate with other measures of empathy, such as the Balanced Emotional Empathy Scale (BEES) and the Affiliative Tendency Scale (MAFF). This suggests that the EES Urdu is measuring the same thing as other measures of empathy.
Discriminant validity: Discriminant validity refers to the extent to which a measure does not correlate with other measures that are not supposed to measure the same thing.
The EES Urdu has been shown to not correlate with measures of other constructs, such as delinquency and Machiavellianism. This suggests that the EES Urdu is measuring something different from these other constructs.
Ashraf, S. (2004). Development and validation of the Emotional Empathy Scale (EES) Urdu. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan.
Frequently Asked Questions
Q: What does the EES Urdu measure?
A: The EES Urdu measures three factors of emotional empathy: emotional contagion, empathic concern, and perspective taking.
Q: How is the EES Urdu scored?
A: The EES Urdu is scored on a 7-point Likert scale, with 1 representing “strongly disagree” and 7 representing “strongly agree.”
Q: Is the EES Urdu reliable and valid?
A: Yes, the EES Urdu has been shown to be a reliable and valid measure of emotional empathy in Pakistani adolescents and adults.
Q: How can the EES Urdu be used?
A: The EES Urdu can be used in a variety of settings, including research, clinical practice, and educational settings.
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