Command Safety Assessment Survey

Command Safety Assessment Survey

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About Command Safety Assessment Survey

The Command Safety Assessment Survey (CSAS) is developed by the Naval postgraduate school. The aim of the tool is to provide a measure of the safety climate of U.S. Naval aviation squadrons. Background. The 61 items Command Safety Assessment Survey (CSAS) was developed by researchers at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, California.
It is completed online periodically by U.S Naval aviators. The questionnaires were based upon a conceptual model of Organizational Safety Effectiveness (MOSE) that identified five major areas relevant to organizations in managing risk and developing a climate to reduce accidents in High-Reliability Organizations. The five MOSE areas are:

  • Process auditing – a system of ongoing checks to monitor hazardous conditions
  • Reward system – expected social compensation or disciplinary action to reinforce or correct behavior.
  • Quality assurance – policies and procedures that promote high-quality performance
  • Risk management – how the organization perceives risk and takes corrective action.
  • Command and control – policies, procedures, and communication processes used to mitigate risk.
Command Safety Assessment Survey
Command Safety Assessment Survey


Issues with the validity of the questionnaire have been identified with the questionnaire (see Buttrey et al, 2011). However, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated that for 12 items there was evidence in support of the construct validity of the questionnaire. Insufficient evidence was found for the discriminate validity of the questionnaire to predict mishap risk.

Avail Files:


  • O’Connor, P., Buttrey, S  O’Dea, A., & Kennedy, Q. (2011). An assessment of the relationship between safety climate and mishap risk in U.S. Naval aviation. Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School.
  • Buttrey, S. O’Dea, A., O’Connor, P., & Kennedy, Q. (2010). An evaluation of the construct validity of the command safety assessment survey. Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School.
  • O’Connor, P., Buttrey, S, O’Dea, A., & Kennedy, Q. (2011). Identifying and addressing the limitations of safety climate surveys. Journal of Safety Research, 42, 259-265.

Special Thanks

We are especially thankful to Rida Haider, Who prepare this information and share it with us. All credit goes to Rida.


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