Proactive/Reactive Aggression Questionnaire
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About Proactive/Reactive Aggression Questionnaire
To measure aggressive behavior, the participants have completed the Proactive/Reactive Aggression ([PRA]; Dodge, 2003; Dodge & Coie, 1987). This questionnaire consists of a total of 23 items answered on a 7-point scale varying from does not apply to applies very much. In the present study, 7 items of the PRA were excluded, because these items measured victimization. Eventually, 16 items were included in the composite variable of aggressive behavior.
Some examples of the items can be translated as: “I try to get what I want by threatening others”, “Other people know I do not like them if they do not do what I want” (α = .85). Concerning the psychometric properties, it is known that the internal consistencies of the subscales of the PRA are good, when administered by parents, teachers and forensic staff raters (Dodge & Coie, 1987). Besides, the discriminant validity (Collett, Ohan, & Myers, 2003), the predictive validity (Brendgen, Vitaro, & Lavoie, 2001) and the convergent validity (Dodge & Coie, 1987; Poulin & Boivin, 2000) are supported in several studies.