Frustration Discomfort Scale

Aamir Ranjha

Updated on:

Frustration Discomfort Scale

Frustration Discomfort Scale

Here in this post, we are sharing the “Frustration Discomfort Scale”. You can read psychometric and Author information.  We have thousands of Scales and questionnaires in our collection (See Scales and Questionnaires). You can demand us any scale and questionnaires related to psychology through our community, and we will provide you with a short time. Keep visiting Psychology Roots.

About Frustration Discomfort Scale

Scale Name

Frustration Discomfort Scale

Author Details

Neil Harrington

Translation Availability


Frustration Discomfort Scale
Frustration Discomfort Scale


The Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS), developed by Neil Harrington in 2005, is a valuable tool for assessing frustration intolerance beliefs. It consists of 28 items and evaluates several critical factors:

  • Emotional Intolerance: Measures an individual’s ability to tolerate emotional distress.
  • Entitlement: Assesses entitlement beliefs and expectations.
  • Discomfort Intolerance: Explores an individual’s capacity to handle discomfort.
  • Achievement: Examines beliefs related to achievement and success.

The FDS draws from rational–emotive behavior therapy (REBT) theory and has been widely used in both clinical and student samples. Researchers and practitioners utilize it to understand and address frustration intolerance, providing valuable insights into emotional well-being and coping mechanisms.

Administration, Scoring and Interpretation

Introduction: The administrator provides an introduction to the FDS, explaining its purpose and instructions. They may also provide a brief overview of the scale’s items and response options.

Consent: Participants are asked to provide their informed consent to participate in the study and complete the FDS. This involves explaining the study’s purpose, procedures, risks, and benefits to the participants and obtaining their voluntary agreement to participate.

Instructions: The administrator gives clear and detailed instructions on how to complete the FDS. This may include explaining the items, response options, and any specific formatting or marking requirements. It is important to ensure that participants understand the instructions and can complete the scale accurately.

Item Presentation: Participants are presented with a series of statements or items that describe different scenarios or situations. Each item is followed by a set of response options that represent different levels of agreement or disagreement with the statement.

Response Selection: Participants read each item carefully and select the response option that best describes their level of agreement or disagreement with the statement. They may circle, check, or otherwise mark their responses on a paper-and-pencil version of the FDS or use a digital interface to record their responses electronically.

Completion: Participants continue to work through the items, responding to each one in turn until they have completed the entire scale. The FDS typically consists of a moderate number of items, allowing for relatively quick completion.

Reliability and Validity

The Frustration Discomfort Scale (FDS) has shown validity in terms of convergent and discriminative validity, as well as good evidence of internal consistency. The factor analysis revealed that the FDS consists of four subscales: Discomfort Intolerance, Reactance, Frustration Intolerance, and Perfectionistic Achievement Beliefs. Each subscale contains a number of items that represent the subscale they belong to.

Moreover, the reliability of the Frustration Discomfort Scale has been tested and found to be satisfactory. The test-retest reliability coefficient was .87 for all the subscales of the scale. The internal consistency of total scores was good in both the patient and the student groups. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficients for all the subscales, except for the Reactance subscale, ranged from .77 to .92.

Available Versions



Harrington, N. (2006). Frustration intolerance beliefs: Their relationship with depression, anxiety, and anger, in a clinical population. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 30, 699-709.

Important Link

Scale File:

Frequently Asked Questions

What does the Frustration Discomfort Scale measure?
The Frustration Discomfort Scale measures the degree of frustration and discomfort people experience in coping with life’s problems.

How many subscales does the Frustration Discomfort Scale have?
The Frustration Discomfort Scale consists of four subscales: Discomfort Intolerance, Reactance, Frustration Intolerance, and Perfectionistic Achievement Beliefs.

What is the reliability of the Frustration Discomfort Scale?
The Frustration Discomfort Scale has good evidence of reliability, with coefficient alphas for respective subscales: .88, .85, .87, and .84.

Has the Frustration Discomfort Scale been validated in other countries?
Yes, the Frustration Discomfort Scale has been validated in other countries, such as France and Turkey.


Please note that Psychology Roots does not have the right to grant permission for the use of any psychological scales or assessments listed on its website. To use any scale or assessment, you must obtain permission directly from the author or translator of the tool. Psychology Roots provides information about various tools and their administration procedures, but it is your responsibility to obtain proper permissions before using any scale or assessment. If you need further information about an author’s contact details, please submit a query to the Psychology Roots team.

Help Us Improve This Article

Have you discovered an inaccuracy? We put out great effort to give accurate and scientifically trustworthy information to our readers. Please notify us if you discover any typographical or grammatical errors.
Make a comment. We acknowledge and appreciate your efforts.

Share With Us

If you have any scale or any material related to psychology kindly share it with us at We help others on behalf of you.


0 0 votes
Article Rating
Support through Sharing:

I am a senior clinical psychologist with over 11years of experience in the field. I am the founder of Psychology Roots, a platform that provides solutions and support to learners and professionals in psychology. My goal is to help people understand and improve their mental health, and to empower them to live happier and healthier lives.

Notify of
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments