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The translation and evaluation of an Urdu version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale

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Abstract of the Article

The translation of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) into Urdu was undertaken by the authors in committee. After examining initial drafts by 6 independent translators, and agreed Urdu text was given to 6 back-translators and subsequently modified further.

The translation and evaluation of an Urdu version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
The translation and evaluation of an Urdu version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
The evaluation of the new translation was performed in 3 stages: evaluation of linguistic equivalence of items in a bilingual population; evaluation of conceptual equivalence by examining item-subscale correlations; and evaluation of scale equivalence by 2-way classification of high and low scorers. Satisfactory results at each stage suggest that the Urdu version is a reliable and valid translation of the HADS for use in Pakistan.

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Authors of the Article

  •  Mumford DB
  • Tareen IAK
  • Bajwa MAZ
  • Bhatti MR
  • Karim R

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