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The translation and evaluation of an Urdu version of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
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Abstract of the Article
The translation of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) into Urdu was undertaken by the authors in committee. After examining initial drafts by 6 independent translators, and agreed Urdu text was given to 6 back-translators and subsequently modified further.
The evaluation of the new translation was performed in 3 stages: evaluation of linguistic equivalence of items in a bilingual population; evaluation of conceptual equivalence by examining item-subscale correlations; and evaluation of scale equivalence by 2-way classification of high and low scorers. Satisfactory results at each stage suggest that the Urdu version is a reliable and valid translation of the HADS for use in Pakistan.
Authors of the Article
- Mumford DB
- Tareen IAK
- Bajwa MAZ
- Bhatti MR
- Karim R
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