The Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire: An Instrument for Measuring Patterns for Coping with Decisional Conflict
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Abstract of the Article
A study was conducted to examine the factorial validity of the Flinders Decision Making Questionnaire (Mann, 1982), a 31-item self-report inventory designed to measure tendencies to use three major coping patterns identified in the conflict theory of decision making (Janis and Mann, 1977): vigilance, hypervigilance, and defensive avoidance (procrastination, buck-passing, and rationalization).
A sample of 2051 university students, comprising samples from Australia (n 262), New Zealand (n 260), the USA (n 475), Japan (n 359), Hong Kong (n 281) and Taiwan (n 414) was administered the DMQ. The factorial validity of the instrument was tested by confirmatory factor analysis with LISREL. Five dierent substantive models, representing dierent structural relationships between the decision-coping patterns had unsatisfactory fit to the data and could not be validated.
A shortened instrument, containing 22 items, yielded a revised model comprising four identifiable factors — vigilance, hypervigilance, buck-passing, and procrastination. The revised model had an adequate fit with data for each country sample and for the total sample and was confirmed. It is recommended that the 22-item instrument, named the Melbourne DMQ, replace the Flinders DMQ for the measurement of decision-coping patterns. *c 1997 by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Authors of the Article
- LEON MANN
- PAUL BURNETT
- MARK RADFORD
- STEVE FORD
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