Science Motivation Questionnaire
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About Science Motivation Questionnaire
The instrument used for this study was a modified version of the Science Motivation Questionnaire II (SMQ II) (Glynn, Brickman, Armstrong & Taasoobshirazi, 2011). Glynn and Koballa (2006), following guidelines by DeVellis (2003) and Bradburn et al. (2004), developed the Science Motivation Questionnaire to assess the motivation to learn science. The 25-question instrument included the following five-item scales: intrinsic motivation, self-determination, self-efficacy, career motivation, and grade motivation.
Students respond to each item on a Likert-type rating scale: never (1), rarely (2), sometimes (3), often (4), or always (5). The raw scores should be interpreted carefully, as the scales are ordinal. According to Boone and Boone (2012), analysis of Likert-type and Likert-scale data are different and must be reported as such. Likert-type data that do not contribute to a composite scale are treated as individual questions and reported using descriptive statistics (i.e., median, mode, and frequencies), where Likert-type data that contributes to a composite score (i.e., Likert-scale) is reported using means and standard deviations for variability (Boone & Boone, 2012).