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Life Regard Index Revised
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About Life Regard Index Revised
Life Regard Index Revised
Michael Battista and Richard Almond
The concept of meaning in life has been studied by philosophers, psychologists, and sociologists for centuries. Meaning in life is often defined as the sense that one’s life has purpose, value, and significance. It is a complex construct that is influenced by a number of factors, including personal values, beliefs, and goals, as well as social and cultural factors.
In the 1970s, psychologists Michael Battista and Richard Almond developed the Life Regard Index (LRI) to measure meaning in life. The LRI is a 28-item self-report questionnaire that assesses two key dimensions of meaning in life: framework and fulfillment.
Framework refers to the individual’s understanding of their place in the world and their sense of purpose in life. Individuals with a strong framework have a clear sense of who they are, what they are doing, and why they are here.
Fulfillment refers to the extent to which the individual feels that their life is meaningful and worthwhile. Individuals with high fulfillment feel that their life is consistent with their values and goals, and that they are making a positive contribution to the world.
The LRI is a widely used and well-validated measure of meaning in life. It has been used in a variety of research studies to investigate the factors that contribute to meaning in life, and it has been shown to be a reliable and valid measure of this construct. The LRI has also been used in clinical settings to assess meaning in life in individuals who are struggling with mental health problems, and it has been shown to be a helpful tool for understanding and treating these problems.
Administration, Scoring and Interpretation
The Life Regard Index (LRI) can be administered in either a self-administered or interviewer-administered format. It can be completed in approximately 5 minutes.
Self-administration: If you are administering the LRI to yourself, you can find a copy of the questionnaire online or in a psychology textbook. You can also download a copy of the questionnaire from the website of the University of Groningen research portal.
To complete the questionnaire, read each item carefully and circle the number that best reflects your agreement with the item. There are five response options for each item, ranging from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree).
Once you have completed the questionnaire, you can score it by summing the scores for each item. The total score on the LRI is calculated by summing the scores on the four subscales: Positive Framework, Negative Framework, Positive Fulfillment, and Negative Fulfillment.
Interviewer-administration: If you are administering the LRI to someone else, you should read each item aloud and ask the respondent to circle the number that best reflects their agreement with the item. You should also ask the respondent to clarify any items that they are unsure about.
Once the respondent has completed the questionnaire, you can score it by summing the scores for each item. The total score on the LRI is calculated by summing the scores on the four subscales: Positive Framework, Negative Framework, Positive Fulfillment, and Negative Fulfillment.
Reliability and Validity
The Life Regard Index (LRI) is a well-established measure of meaning in life that has demonstrated strong psychometric properties, including reliability and validity. Here’s a summary of the evidence supporting the reliability and validity of the LRI:
The LRI has demonstrated good internal consistency reliability, meaning that the items on the questionnaire measure the same construct consistently. Alpha coefficients for the four LRI subscales (Positive Framework, Negative Framework, Positive Fulfillment, and Negative Fulfillment) typically range from 0.70 to 0.80, indicating satisfactory to good reliability.
Test-retest reliability studies have also shown that the LRI is stable over time. When administered to the same individuals twice, with a time interval between administrations ranging from a few weeks to several months, the correlation between scores on the two administrations is typically between 0.70 and 0.80.
Construct validity refers to the extent to which the LRI measures what it is intended to measure, in this case, meaning in life. The LRI has been shown to correlate with other measures of meaning in life, such as the Purpose in Life Scale and the Meaning in Life Questionnaire. It has also been shown to correlate with positive outcomes such as well-being, happiness, and life satisfaction.
Discriminant validity refers to the extent to which the LRI is distinct from other constructs. The LRI has been shown to have low correlations with measures of other constructs, such as anxiety, depression, and neuroticism. This suggests that the LRI is measuring something different from these other constructs.
Battista, J., & Almond, R. (1973). Life Regard Index [Database record]. APA PsycTests.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the Life Regard Index (LRI)?
The LRI is a 28-item self-report questionnaire that measures positive life regard, or the degree to which an individual feels that their life has meaning and purpose.
What does the Life Regard Index Revised assess?
The LRI assesses two key dimensions of meaning in life: framework and fulfillment. Framework refers to the individual’s understanding of their place in the world and their sense of purpose in life. Fulfillment refers to the extent to which the individual feels that their life is meaningful and worthwhile.
What are the uses of the Life Regard Index Revised?
The LRI can be used for a variety of purposes, including:
- Research on meaning in life: The LRI has been used in a variety of research studies to investigate the factors that contribute to meaning in life.
- Clinical assessment: The LRI can be used to assess meaning in life in individuals who are struggling with issues such as depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem.
- Personal development: The LRI can be used by individuals to track their own progress in developing a sense of meaning in life.
Is the Life Regard Index Revised reliable and valid?
Yes, the LRI has demonstrated good reliability and validity. This means that the LRI is a consistent and accurate measure of meaning in life.
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