Horizontal and Vertical Individualism and Collectivism Scale
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About Horizontal and Vertical Individualism and Collectivism Scale
Horizontal and vertical individualism and collectivism scale 14-items (HVICS 14-items; Sivadas, Bruvold, & Nelson, 2008). It is a 14 item self-report measure of cultural orientation. Items are scored on a 5 point Likert scale ranging from 1 = never to 5 = always. This measure conceptualises the two known dimensions of cultural orientation having horizontal and vertical dimensions. These dimensions depict the hierarchy or equality within individualistic and collectivistic cultures.
Those who have horizontal collectivistic orientation value interdependence and equality, whereas those with vertical collectivistic orientation value interdependence but believe in competing with out-groups. Those who have horizontal individualistic orientation value independence and equality, whereas those with vertical individualistic orientation value independence and believe in hierarchy and status within society. Therefore, the scale has four sub-scales: horizontal collectivism, vertical collectivism, horizontal individualism and vertical individualism. The scale does not give a total score. The score on each sub-scale can be calculated by taking the mean of the items corresponding to that sub-scale.
The original Horizontal and Vertical Individualism Collectivism Scale I was designed by Singelis, Triandis, Bhawuk, and Gelfand (1995) and it was composed of 32 items. Triandis and Gelfand (1998) then revised the original version and reduced it to 27 items to improve the scale’s robustness. However, the fit of the model was still found problematic. Therefore, to improve the psychometric stability and content validity of the scale Sivadas et al. (2008) revised the scale into a more parsimonious and psychometrically stable reduced 14-item version and validated it on six samples from four countries which were translated in the present study for the purpose of use with Pakistani sample.