General Self-Harm Questionnaire
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About General Self-Harm Questionnaire
This is a brief questionnaire containing some of the common items traditionally used in the literature to measure deliberate self-harm. It consists of (a) four questions (Items 102 through 105) taken from Boudewyn and Liem’s Mental Health History Form (Boudewyn&Liem, 1995b), which read “Have you ever had the desire to hurt or harm yourself in some way? How many times have you had the desire to hurt or harm yourself? Have you ever acted on these feelings (i.e., hurt or harmed yourself in some way)?
How many times have you acted on these feelings?”; (b) Item 72 on the Diagnostic Interview for Borderlines, Revised (DIB-R; Zanarini, Gunderson, Frankenburg, & Chauncey, 1989), which reads “Have you deliberately hurt yourself without trying to kill yourself anytime in the last two years?” (as cited in Zweig-Frank et al., 1994a, p. 261); and (c) the self-harm acts item from the Suicide Behaviors Questionnaire (SBQ; Linehan, as cited in Sabo et al., 1995), which reads “In the past six months, have you intentionally harmed yourself in a way which at the time was NOT considered by you or anyone else a suicide attempt?”
Boudewyn and Liem’s self-harm acts question (Item 104), Item 72 on the DIB-R, and the self-harm acts item from the SBQ are single questions asking participants whether or not they have engaged in self-harm. Therefore, dichotomous self-harm variables were created for each of these three items, with participants who answered yes receiving a score of “1” for the respective variable, and participants who answered no receiving a score of “0.” These variables were used to assess the construct validity of the DSHI.