Epworth Sleepiness Scale Urdu
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About Epworth Sleepiness Scale Urdu
The results demonstrate that the ESS-Ur is a valid and reliable instrument for the assessment of daytime sleepiness, being equivalent to its original version when applied to individuals who speak Urdu. Neither major cultural adaptations nor structural modifications were necessary during the validation process. The ESS-Ur can be regarded as a useful tool in clinical practice and research. Future studies assessing the ESS-Ur validity in sleep-related breathing disorders among the Urdu-speaking population are needed.