Emotional Maturity Scale

Aamir Ranjha

Emotional Maturity Scale

Emotional Maturity Scale

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About Scale Name

Scale Name

Emotional Maturity Scale

Author Details

Drs. Yashvir Singh and Mahesh Bhargava

Translation Availability

Not Sure

Emotional Maturity Scale
Emotional Maturity Scale


The Emotional Maturity Scale (EMS) was developed by Drs. Yashvir Singh and Mahesh Bhargava in India in the 1980s, with the aim of creating a comprehensive measure of emotional functioning that could be used across diverse cultural contexts. They drew on existing research on emotional intelligence and well-being to identify key factors that contribute to emotional maturity, including self-awareness, empathy, emotional regulation, and social skills.

The EMS comprises 64 items that assess different aspects of emotional functioning, using a Likert scale format ranging from 0 (strongly disagree) to 3 (strongly agree). The scale is divided into eight subscales, each of which assesses a different domain of emotional functioning:

  1. Self-Awareness: measures an individual’s ability to recognize their emotional states and understand the causes and consequences of their emotions.
  2. Self-Acceptance: assesses an individual’s level of self-esteem, self-acceptance, and positive self-regard.
  3. Interpersonal Relationships: measures an individual’s ability to establish and maintain healthy relationships with others, including empathy, communication skills, and conflict resolution.
  4. Autonomy: assesses an individual’s sense of independence, autonomy, and personal agency.
  5. Capacity for Change: measures an individual’s openness to new experiences, willingness to learn, and adaptability.
  6. Emotional Regulation: assesses an individual’s ability to manage their emotions effectively, including controlling impulses, reducing stress, and coping with challenging situations.
  7. Purpose in Life: measures an individual’s sense of purpose and meaning, as well as their motivation to achieve goals and pursue a fulfilling life.
  8. Personal Growth: assesses an individual’s capacity for self-reflection, insight, and personal growth.

The EMS has been extensively validated through research studies and has been found to be reliable and valid across diverse cultural contexts. It has been used in clinical settings to diagnose emotional disorders and plan interventions aimed at improving emotional regulation and interpersonal relationships. In addition, it has been used in educational and workplace settings to promote emotional intelligence, personal growth, and leadership development.

Administration, Scoring, and Interpretation

Administration: The EMS is typically administered as a self-report questionnaire, with individuals responding to each item on a Likert scale ranging from 0 (strongly disagree) to 3 (strongly agree). The questionnaire takes approximately 20-30 minutes to complete.

Scoring: Once the questionnaire has been completed, the scores for each subscale are calculated by summing the responses for each item. The total score for the EMS is then calculated by summing the subscale scores.

Interpretation: The interpretation of the EMS involves comparing an individual’s scores to normative data or established cutoff scores. Higher scores on the EMS indicate greater emotional maturity across all subscales, while lower scores suggest areas of potential difficulty or weakness in emotional functioning.

Reliability and Validity

The Emotional Maturity Scale (EMS) has been extensively studied and validated for its reliability and validity. It has been found to be a reliable measure of emotional functioning, with high levels of internal consistency and test-retest reliability.

Studies have also demonstrated the validity of the EMS in measuring emotional maturity across diverse cultures, age groups, and clinical populations. The scale has been found to be sensitive to changes in emotional functioning following therapeutic interventions and has been used as an outcome measure in several research studies.

In addition, the EMS has been found to have good construct validity, meaning that it measures what it is intended to measure. It has been shown to correlate positively with other measures of emotional intelligence, well-being, and interpersonal skills, while correlating negatively with measures of emotional dysregulation, anxiety, and depression.

Available Versions



Singh, Y., & Bhargava, M. (1982). A manual of emotional maturity scale. National Psychological Corporation.

Schutte, N. S., & Malouff, J. M. (1994). Measuring emotional intelligence and related constructs. In P. Salovey & D. Sluyter (Eds.), Emotional development and emotional intelligence: Educational implications (pp. 193-215). Basic Books.

Freudenthaler, H. H., Spinath, B., & Neubauer, A. C. (2008). Predicting school achievement in boys and girls using a new German emotional intelligence measure based on an ability model. European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 24(3), 197-206.

Zulkarnain, A., Adhiatma, H., Shahrill, M., & Bakar, A. R. A. (2019). The development of an online emotional maturity scale. Journal of Computing in Education, 6(2), 103-116.

Important Link

Scale File:

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the EMS?
The EMS is a psychometric tool developed to measure an individual’s level of emotional maturity across various domains of emotional functioning.

How is the EMS administered?
The EMS is typically administered as a self-report questionnaire, with individuals responding to each item on a Likert scale ranging from 0 (strongly disagree) to 3 (strongly agree).

How is the EMS scored?
The subscale scores are calculated by summing the responses for each item, and the total score is then calculated by summing the subscale scores.

What does the EMS measure?
The EMS measures emotional maturity across eight subscales: Self-Awareness, Self-Acceptance, Interpersonal Relationships, Autonomy, Capacity for Change, Emotional Regulation, Purpose in Life, and Personal Growth.

What is the purpose of the EMS?
The purpose of the EMS is to assess emotional maturity, identify areas of strength and weakness in emotional functioning, and guide therapeutic interventions aimed at promoting emotional growth and development.

Is the EMS valid and reliable?
Yes, the EMS has been extensively validated for its reliability and validity, showing high levels of internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and construct validity.

Can the EMS be used in diverse cultural contexts?
Yes, the EMS has been found to be valid and reliable across diverse cultures, age groups, and clinical populations.

Is the EMS diagnostic?
No, the EMS is not diagnostic and should be used as one tool among many within a comprehensive assessment process.

Who can administer the EMS?
The EMS can be administered by qualified mental health professionals, educators, or researchers who have training in administering and interpreting psychometric tools.

Is there a shortened version of the EMS available?
Yes, there are several shortened versions of the EMS available, including a 33-item version developed by Schutte and Malouff in 1994, and a revised 60-item version developed by Freudenthaler et al. in 2008.


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I am a senior clinical psychologist with over 11years of experience in the field. I am the founder of Psychology Roots, a platform that provides solutions and support to learners and professionals in psychology. My goal is to help people understand and improve their mental health, and to empower them to live happier and healthier lives.

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