Emotion Experience and Expressive Suppression Scale: Psychometric properties and relationships with depression and schizotypy
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Abstract of the Article
Existing self-report scales of emotional expression are limited by not assessing both frequencies of emotional
experience and tendency to suppress expression. We developed a new self-report scale named the Emotion
Experience and Expressive Suppression Scale (EEESS) was administered to 1490 undergraduate students from one university and the resulting two-factor structure was confirmed in 645 undergraduate students from a separate university.
The combined sample (2135 participants; 63% female) was used to examine relationships between EEESS scale factors and severity of schizotypy and depression. The frequency of emotional experience and expression suppression loaded onto separate factors for negative, but not positive, emotions. Therefore, analyses of positive emotions were limited to the likelihood of expression suppression.
Depression and overall schizotypy severity each positively related to the frequency of experiencing and suppressing negative expressions. Depression severity related to an increased likelihood of suppressing the expression of both positive and negative emotions, while schizotypy severity related to an increased likelihood of suppressing only positive expressions. The four schizotypy factors showed unique differential relationships with EEESS factors. The EEESS is a promising 14-item measure that revealed novel findings of suppression of emotion expression in relation to depression and schizotypy.
Authors of the Article
- Jeffrey S. Bedwell, ([email protected])
- Alex S. Cohen, ([email protected])
- Christopher C. Spencer, ([email protected])
- Samantha D. Simpson ([email protected])
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