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Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation Urdu
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- Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation Urdu
About Scale Name
Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation Urdu
Aron T. Beck
The Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSI) is a self-report measure that is used to assess the severity of suicidal ideation. It was originally developed in English in 1988 by Aaron T. Beck, an American psychiatrist and clinical psychologist. The Urdu translation of the BSI was developed by Nailah Ayub, a psychologist at Leiden University in the Netherlands. Her study on the validation of the Urdu translation of the BSI was published in the journal Assessment in 2008.
The BSI is a 19-item scale that asks respondents to rate how often they have had certain thoughts or feelings about suicide. The items are scored on a 0-2 scale, with 0 indicating “never” and 2 indicating “very often.” The total score for the BSI ranges from 0 to 38, with higher scores indicating more severe suicidal ideation.
The BSI has been shown to be a reliable and valid measure of suicidal ideation in a variety of cultures, including Pakistan. A study by Ayub and colleagues (2008) found that the Urdu translation of the BSI had good internal consistency and test-retest reliability. The study also found that the BSI was significantly correlated with other measures of suicidal ideation, such as the Beck Depression Inventory and the Hopelessness Scale.
The BSI is a useful tool for assessing the severity of suicidal ideation in Urdu-speaking populations. It can be used to screen for suicidality, monitor changes in suicidal ideation over time, and evaluate the effectiveness of interventions for suicidal ideation.
Administration, Scoring and Interpretation
To administer the BSI, the following steps should be followed:
- Read the instructions to the individual carefully.
- Ask the individual to read each item and circle the number that best describes how often they have had the thought or feeling described in the item.
- If the individual has any questions, be sure to answer them clearly and concisely.
- Once the individual has completed the BSI, score the items according to the instructions.
The total score for the BSI ranges from 0 to 38, with higher scores indicating more severe suicidal ideation. A score of 0-10 indicates low suicidal ideation, 11-19 indicates moderate suicidal ideation, and 20-38 indicates high suicidal ideation.
It is important to note that the BSI is a screening tool and should not be used as a substitute for a clinical diagnosis. If the individual’s score indicates high suicidal ideation, they should be referred to a mental health professional for further evaluation and treatment.
Reliability and Validity
Reliability refers to the consistency of the BSI scores. A reliable measure will produce similar scores when it is administered repeatedly to the same individual.
The internal consistency of the BSI Urdu has been found to be good, with Cronbach’s alpha coefficients ranging from 0.75 to 0.85. This means that the items on the BSI are internally consistent and are measuring the same construct.
Validity refers to the extent to which the BSI measures what it is supposed to measure. A valid measure will correlate with other measures of the same construct.
The BSI Urdu has been found to be significantly correlated with other measures of suicidal ideation, such as the Beck Depression Inventory and the Hopelessness Scale. This suggests that the BSI is measuring suicidal ideation as intended.
The BSI Urdu has also been found to be predictive of suicide attempts. This suggests that the BSI can be used to identify individuals who are at risk of suicide.
Ayub, N., Akhtar, N., & Rohde, P. (2008). Validation of the Urdu translation of the Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation. Assessment, 15(3), 287-296. doi:10.1177/1073191107312837
Frequently Asked Questions
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