Rumination on Sadness Scale
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About Rumination on Sadness Scale
Rumination on Sadness Scale (RSS; Conway, Csank, Holm, & Blake, 2000). The RSS was administered to assess depressive rumination and how individuals think when they are feeling sad or down (Papageorgiou & Wells, 2004). Depressive rumination is identified as the repetition of thoughts about the cause, meaning, and feelings of one’s sadness; however, it is the uncontrollability of these thoughts that has been most strongly linked to depressive symptomatology (Raes, Hermans, Williams, Bijtebbier, & Eelen, 2007). The RSS includes 13 examples of ruminating, and respondents indicate how frequently they engage in the thought process described on a scale from 1 (not at all) to 5 (very much). The instrument demonstrates good internal consistency and moderate test-retest reliability over a 6-month period (Roelofs, Muris, Huibers, Peeters, & Arntz, 2006).