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Psychology from Islamic Perspective: Contributions of Quran to Contemporary Psychologists
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Abstract of the Article
Early Muslims wrote extensively about human nature and called it Ilm-al Nafs or self-knowledge. In many cases, their works seem to be the original ideas for many modern-day psychological theories and practices. What is interesting however is that a lot of what the early scholars wrote was blended with Islamic philosophy and religious ideas that are decoded from Qur’an. This paper covers the major contributions of the Quran to psychology by analyzing the different conceptions of ‘self’ in Qur’an.
n. It also offers a few recommendations on the indigenization of psychology for Muslim societies interested in seeking the Islamic perspective on human behaviors. According to the Islamic perspective, knowledge is of two types: “revealed” Divine knowledge and material knowledge. Divine knowledge is intuitive, subjectively experienced, and leads to a transformation in the individual. In Islam, the science of the self is the foundation of all sciences. As the Prophet said; “He who knows himself knows Allah”. The word ‘science’ is based on the Greek word meaning ‘knowledge’ or ‘to know’. And the simple truth is that Allah is not only the Ultimate Reality but the source of all knowledge. So it is time that we woke up to our valuable heritage and carried the baton of Islamic knowledge from the past, forward into the future, specifically psychology.
Authors of the Article
- Abdolbaghy Rezaeitalarposhti
- Abdolhady rezaeitalarposhti
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