PSYCHOLOGY AND SCIENCE
I think that before the study of the history of Psychology in detail; discuss the topic which is very important in self-nature. The topic is either psychology is science or not? I share my understanding of this topic and hope it provides a great contribution to your knowledge.
What is science?
Some question arises in the mind when listening about science. What is science? What is the purpose of science? What is the method of science and what is important in our life? So we describe the definition of science first:
“Science is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge in the form of testable explanations and predictions about the universe”. (Resource: Wikipedia)
When we look at the definition of science, it depends on some parts and these parts are:
- Systematic method
- Build or gaining knowledge
- Organizing knowledge
Now we discuss all these aspects in detail for better understanding.
a. Systematic method:
Everyone knows that systematic mean step by step and a proper process. It is very important when we conduct any type of activity, if we do it step by step, it makes easy to complete and do it. In science, we understand it in the following way.
b. Build or gaining knowledge
The next step in the definition is gaining knowledge. So when we talk about gaining knowledge, a question which method used for that purpose. The scientist makes it easy and defines a tool that is empiricism. The empiricism means that direct observation of anything. You also know that all type of observation possible through sense and these is our sensory organ. In the entire sensory organ is very important in the observation.
c. Organizing knowledge
A third and most important part of the definition is to organize the knowledge. When information is collected through sensory organs and reaches to the brain then another very important process will be started. In other words, information that in rough form reach to the brain needs to interpret, organize and adjusted with previous information. This process called rationalism. When information logically interpreted and adjusted with previous information.
d. Make prediction;
Fourth and last part of the definition is prediction. When the process of empiricism and rationalism is completed then on the basis of that we make a prediction about the universe.
This is a simple explanation of science and now we next move toward Psychology.
What is psychology?
Like science, in the field of psychology also arise some question. For example, what is psychology, what is role psychology in daily life etc? We need same as above focus on the definition of psychology. Then we make a great understanding of the topic.
“Psychology is a study of the scientific study of mental process and behaviour”. (Resource: Wikipedia)
In the definition explain three components that are below discussed in detail:
- Scientific Study
- Mental Process
When we study the definition of science, we look and discuss it through a diagram. Scientific study is systematic and the basis on direct observation and logically explanation of the phenomena. In the nature of definition shows that psychology also follows the scientific method. Same like science psychology also follow a systematic way. I have already explained what scientific process used for scientific study is. It is a process which is a systematic way, we first observe anything and idea comes in mind (hypothesis) and then we start research on it. In research, we collect relevant data and analyze. Then at the end, we conclude them.
A simple explanation of the mental process is “everything which can due to brain”. It is too broad area because every activity who perform human is called mental activity. Behind the mental activity, many process occurs in the brain. Simply we say that in the mental process we interpreted, organize, adjusted and generate new information. These all aspect in simple through direct observation, previous information, rationalism and creativity. So here also prove that in psychology also use same tools like science.
Third and last part of the definition is behaviour. In lay language, the behavior is the response of any Stimulus. In certain situation, usually, responses are the same. For example, when anyone lost love once, it makes a sad mood and maybe silent or maybe crying but same feel grief. On the basis of direct observation and interception of information, we predict the situation next.
Many studies on that topic have already written by psychologists and scientists and defend there point of view. If we talk about the strength of that psychology is science, it is more highly and less supported the idea that it science or not. According to me, I explain through definition that psychology is science. Three major components that are focus and study in both discipline. If we ignore any one of them that then definition and discipline are incomplete.
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