Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire – Child Form
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About Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire – Child Form
The questionnaire assesses acceptance-rejection as perceived by the child. The scale consists of 60 items measuring the 4 dimensions of PAR:
a) Parental warmth and affection
b) Aggression and hostility
c) Neglect and indifference
d) Undifferentiated rejection
PARQ is a self-report questionnaire that can be applied to children in primary school. The scores change between 4 and 1, with 4 being “almost always true”, and 1 being “almost never true”. Possible scores change between 60 and 240, higher scores indicate higher perceived rejection. The questionnaire was developed by Rohner, Saavedra, and Granum (1978). It was translated and adapted into Turkish by Erdem (1990).
The reliability studies of the child PARQ were carried out on a sample of 344 children. Cronbach’s coefficient alpha ranged from .78 to .90 for the subscales and .95 for the total PARQ. Test-retest reliability coefficients for the PARQ subscales ranged from .48 through .64 and .70 for the total scale (Erdem, 1990). Internal consistency in terms of Cronbach Alpha for the subscales ranged from .78 through .90 and .95 for the total scale.