Interpersonal Reactivity Index
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About Interpersonal Reactivity Index
The Dutch version of the Interpersonal Reactivity Index was used to measure empathic tendencies ([IRI]; Davis, 1983). This self-report questionnaire consists of four subscales. Each subscale includes seven items that can be answered on a 5-point scale ranging from does not describe me well to describes me very well. The first subscale, Empathic Concern, measures the tendency to experience feelings of concern, compassion and warmth for other people (e.g., I often have tender, concerned feelings for people less fortunate than me; α= .70). The second subscale, Perspective Taking, assesses the tendency to adopt the viewpoint of other people in everyday life (e.g., I sometimes try to understand my friends better by imagining how things look from their perspective; α= .69).
The third subscale, Fantasy, focuses on the tendency to transpose oneself into the actions and feelings of fictive characters (e.g., I really get involved with the feelings of the characters in a novel; α= .82). The final subscale, Personal Distress, measures one’s feelings of discomfort in reaction to other people’s emotions (e.g., Being in a tense emotional situation scares me; α= .70). The psychometric properties of the IRI and the separate subscales are assessed. Firstly, the four subscales have sufficient test-retest reliabilities (varying from .62 to .71) and internal reliabilities (reaching from .71 to .77; Davis, 1980). Furthermore, the overall construct validity and the internal consistency of the total IRI are satisfactory (De Corte et al., 2007).