Impact of terrorism on the learning behavior of secondary school students in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
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Abstract of the thesis
Terrorism is the phenomenon in which a fearful situation is created by a group of people who view themselves as maltreated by society. Terrorism affects learning abilities and creates behavior problems among the students. Secondary school students’ age suits the terrorists more to inculcate thoughts in them. Terrorism creates fear, anxiety, depression, and lack of security which ultimately affects the learning behavior of the students. The study aimed at identifying the impact of terrorism on the learning behavior of secondary school students in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.
The study was significant because Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the worst terrorism affected province. The objectives of the study were to examine different aspects of terrorism that cause fear among secondary school students, to find out the impact of terrorism on the academic results, motivation, attendance, behavior, relationship with classmates and participate in co-curricular activities of the secondary school students and to explore the causes of terrorism.
The study tested the impact of terrorism on the learning behavior of secondary school students in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Five hundred and sixty secondary school students, 10 ( five from 9th class and five from 10th class), their parents and 112 class teachers from 56 schools (28 public and 28 private) of seven districts including Peshawar, Kohat, Bannu, Nowshera, Abbottabad, Malakand and Swat were selected. However, due to the sensitive nature of the study, the researcher could manage to collect data from 450 students their parents and 100 class teachers that make the sample to 1000.
In order to collect the data questionnaire containing 110 questions with 5-point scale was used as tool. χ² test was used as statistical instrument to find out the association between terrorism and different factors affecting learning behavior of secondary school students.. It was found agreed by the respondents that terrorism causes fear among students, affects the learning process, terrorist mostly kidnap the school students and use them as suicide bomber after brainwashing. Military operations in the tribal areas and drone attacks created hatred against America and Pakistani military forces because of the perception to be an allied force which ultimately increased terrorism in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Parents remain worried till returning of their children from school and don’t allow them to take part in any co-curricular activity.
Media is not performing its due positive role. It was concluded from the study that fear was created among students due to terrorism. Behavior related problems, shortage of attendance, drop out and intolerance increased. Social injustice, religious extremism, false interpretation of Islamic ideas, Interference of foreign intelligence agencies in our country, our weak security network, curriculum in the most deeni madaras, Post Afghan-Russian war groups, Military operations in the tribal areas and drone attacks were the main causes of terrorism. The study suggested that literacy and effective performance of schools, teachers, religious leaders, media, intelligence agencies, foreign ministry, and curriculum wing can eradicate or reduce the terrorism.
Researcher of the Thesis
- Mohammad Bilal
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