Fugue (also known as Dissociative Fugue) is a really interesting type of disorder in which a person suffers a bout of amnesia and then flees their home and identity. Often the person will travel far away from their home, assume a new identity, and live as a different person until they “snap” out of their amnesic state.

The DSM criteria for Dissociative Fugue are:

  1. The main disturbance is sudden, unexpected travel away from home or one’s customary place of work, with the inability to recall one’s past.
  2. Confusion about personal identity or assumption of a new identity (partial or complete).
  3. The disturbance does not occur exclusively during the course of Dissociative Identity Disorder and is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (for example, a drug of abuse, a medication) or a general medical condition (for example, temporal lobe epilepsy).
  4. The symptoms cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

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