A term used to describe an individual who has the same fluency in two languages, typically with native fluency and proficiency in both. Fluency and proficiency may be assessed using standardized measures for language aptitude and language ability. The balanced bilingual can typically function equally well in most situations in his or her two languages. Proficiency would be similar in all skills including reading, writing, and speaking. This term also describes an individual who can communicate effectively and effi ciently in two languages. Few bilinguals
are equally competent in two languages in all areas of language processing.