Effect of Optimism on Psychological Stress in Breast Cancer Women
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About Effect of Optimism on Psychological Stress in Breast Cancer Women
The present study aimed to examine the effect of optimism on pre and post-diagnosed psychological stress in breast cancer women. The sample consisted of eighty women in the age range of 45 to 60 years,(M=52.6, SD=9.15)who were scheduled for diagnosis at the Institute of Radiotherapy and Nuclear Medicine (IRNUM), of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtun khawa, Pakistan. A convenience sampling technique was used.
The sample was matched on certain demographic variables, such as age, socioeconomic status, and education, and was assessed by Life Orientation Test-Revised (Scheier & Carver, 1985), and Impact of Event Scales (Horowitz, Wilner, & Alvarez, 1979). The t-test analyses were carried out to test the significance of the difference between the two groups.
Results show that breast cancer women having higher optimism experience less stress before and after the diagnosis of breast cancer as compared to those with low optimism(p< .001). The data support the hypotheses. The findings conclude that optimism has a supportive effect during the psychological stress experienced by the women at pre and post-diagnostic stage of breast cancer and it can be a useful tool in minimizing stressful life events such as breast cancer.
Authors of the Article
- Nighat Shaheen ([email protected])
- Salma Andleeb
- Summiya Ahmad
- Asad Bano
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