Cognitive and Behavioral Theories of Depression by Rehm. Lynn P
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About Cognitive and Behavioral Theories of Depression by Rehm. Lynn P
Cognitive and Behavioral Theories of Depression by Rehm. Lynn P: For the past two decades, four theories have been prominent in accounting for the phenomena of depression from the learning or cognitive-behavioral perspective. Each approached the problem of the overgeneralized response of the depressed person to adverse circumstances. Lewinsohn explained the reduction in interrelated behaviors as the response to a loss or lack of response-contingent positive reinforcement from an important and generalized reinforcer.
Seligman described the dimensions of overgeneralization in terms of a depressive attributional style leading to internal, stable, and global perceptions of helplessness following aversive events. Rehm postulated broad self-management skills that are inadequate to overcome the environment’s failure to reinforce efforts toward long-term goals. Beck’s cognitive theory hypothesized an extensive negative view of the world and self that is reactivated when the loss is perceived.
Each of these theories was influential in shaping and developing research topics in the psychopathology of depression. The data generated influenced the theories, and revisions to the theories were presented. Each theory faced the question of whether the hypothesized deficits are actually vulnerability factors existing prior to and causally related to depression or whether they are merely concomitants or effects of depression.
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