Classroom Learning Environment Questionnaire

Classroom Learning Environment Questionnaire

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About Classroom Learning Environment Questionnaire

Scale Name

Classroom Learning Environment Questionnaire

Author Details

Debbie E. McGhee, Nana Lowell, and Sebastian Lemire

Translation Availability

Not Sure

Classroom Learning Environment Questionnaire
Classroom Learning Environment Questionnaire


The Classroom Learning Environment (CLE) Questionnaire is a tool developed by the Office of Educational Assessment at the University of Washington to assess the learning environment in classrooms. The questionnaire was created in response to the university’s interest in providing a positive environment for all faculty, staff, and students. The Background and Introduction section of the CLE Questionnaire provides an overview of the purpose and development of the questionnaire.

The section emphasizes the importance of creating a positive learning environment for students and the role that faculty and staff play in achieving this goal. It highlights the fact that a positive learning environment can lead to better academic outcomes for students and can help to create a more inclusive and welcoming campus community.

The section also describes the development process of the questionnaire. The Office of Educational Assessment formed an Advisory Council made up of faculty and staff from a variety of programs and offices that work with diverse groups. The council was tasked with determining whether and in what way questions relating to issues of diversity could be integrated into ongoing course evaluations.

The questionnaire was developed through a pilot study that involved seven classes. The results of the pilot study were used to create a revised version of the questionnaire, which was then tested in a shorter test version. The section notes that additional validation studies of the revised CLE instrument and subscales will be undertaken in the future.

Administration, Scoring and Interpretation

  • Introduce the CLEQ to the participant
  • Read the instructions to the participant. The instructions are provided at the beginning of the CLEQ.
  • Ask the participant to complete the CLEQ.
  • Once the participant has completed the CLEQ, score the responses.
  • Interpret the results of the CLEQ.

Reliability and Validity

Classroom Positive items received high ratings, indicating that students were generally happy with their classroom environments. Students also gave very little support to statements that suggested feeling isolated in the classroom.

Although there was a significant correlation between Classroom Positive and Personal Negative, it was only a moderate one, which is encouraging. This suggests that the two scales measure different things.

There were many group differences on Personal Negative but only one on Classroom Positive, which also supports the idea that the two scales are distinct. The only group difference on Classroom Positive was between native and non-native English speakers. Non-native English speakers agreed much less with statements that the classroom was welcoming and respectful of all students. However, this group of students did not report feeling more isolated or singled out in class than their native English-speaking peers.

Instead, underrepresented minority freshmen and underrepresented minority men gave the highest ratings on the Personal Negative scale.

Together, these two scales provide students with a way to describe their overall opinions of the classroom environment and the specific or unique nature of any negative experiences. For example, the less favorable opinions of non-native speakers would have been missed if we had only included Personal Negative items.

Available Versions



McGhee, D. E., Lowell, N., & Lemire, S. (2007). The classroom learning environment (CLE) questionnaire: Preliminary development. University of Washington Office of Educational Assessment.

Important Link

Scale File:

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What is the CLE questionnaire?
A: The CLE questionnaire is a tool designed to evaluate the classroom climate and identify areas for improvement.

Q: Who can use the CLE questionnaire?
A: The CLE questionnaire can be used by students, faculty, and staff to evaluate the learning environment in their classrooms.

Q: What are the subscales of the CLE questionnaire?
A: The subscales of the CLE questionnaire include Classroom Positive, Diversity Values, Personal Negative, and Persistence in Major.

Q: What is the relationship between CLE scores and overall evaluation ratings?
A: The CLE subscales for Classroom Positive, Diversity Values, and Persistence in Major have a positive relationship with overall evaluation ratings, while the Personal Negative subscale has a negative relationship.

Q: How can the CLE questionnaire be used to improve the learning environment?
A: The results of the CLE questionnaire can be used to identify areas for improvement and develop strategies to create a more positive and inclusive learning environment.

Q: Is the CLE questionnaire reliable and valid?
A: The pilot version of the CLE questionnaire showed positive relationships between CLE scores and overall evaluation ratings, but the report does not provide detailed information on the reliability and validity of the questionnaire beyond the pilot study.


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I am a senior clinical psychologist with over 11years of experience in the field. I am the founder of Psychology Roots, a platform that provides solutions and support to learners and professionals in psychology. My goal is to help people understand and improve their mental health, and to empower them to live happier and healthier lives.

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