Child Acceptance and Mindfulness Measure (CAMM)

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Child Acceptance and Mindfulness Measure (CAMM)

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About Child Acceptance and Mindfulness Measure (CAMM)

Scale Name

Child Acceptance and Mindfulness Measure (CAMM)

Author Details

Greco, L., Baer, R. A., & Smith, G. T.

Translation Availability

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Child Acceptance and Mindfulness Measure (CAMM)
Child Acceptance and Mindfulness Measure (CAMM)

Background/Description

The Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM) is a valuable tool designed to assess mindfulness in children and adolescents. Developed by Greco, Baer, and Smith in 2011, the CAMM initially consisted of 25 items but was later refined to a 10-item scale through exploratory factor analysis.

The CAMM aims to measure acceptance and mindfulness in youth by evaluating aspects such as self-acceptance, awareness of thoughts and feelings, and present-moment focus. Participants rate each item on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 0 (Never True) to 4 (Always True). The total scores obtained from the CAMM reflect the level of mindfulness, with higher scores indicating greater mindfulness.

Studies have demonstrated the reliability and validity of the CAMM across different cultural backgrounds, languages, and socioeconomic statuses. It has been used effectively in various research studies to assess mindfulness skills in school-aged children and adolescents. The CAMM has shown adequate internal consistency and has been found to be developmentally appropriate for its target population.

In summary, the CAMM is a well-established instrument that provides valuable insights into the mindfulness levels of children and adolescents. Its concise yet comprehensive nature makes it a practical tool for researchers and practitioners interested in understanding and promoting mindfulness in youth populations.

Administration, Scoring and Interpretation

Preparation:

  • Gather materials:
    • Copies of the CAMM questionnaire (appropriate version, depending on age)
    • Pens or pencils
    • A quiet, private space free from distractions
  • Review the questionnaire: Familiarize yourself with the CAMM items and scoring instructions. Understand what each item measures and the response scale used (typically 1 = “almost never” to 4 = “almost always”).

Introduction:

  • Greet the child or adolescent and introduce yourself. Briefly explain you want to learn about their thoughts and feelings.
  • Obtain informed consent: When necessary, obtain informed consent from the child and/or parent/guardian according to your institution’s policies.
  • Explain the purpose of the questionnaire: Briefly explain the questions are about their general experiences and are not meant to be a test of their abilities.

Instructions:

  • Provide clear instructions:
  • Ask the participant to read each statement carefully and circle the number that best reflects how often the statement is true for them.
  • Emphasize honesty and confidentiality. Reassure them there are no right or wrong answers and their responses will be kept confidential.
  • Answer any questions they may have about the task or the questionnaire.

Administration:

  • Allow independent completion: Encourage independent completion without offering hints or influencing their answers.
  • Be available for assistance: If they have trouble understanding any item, re-read the statement but avoid interpretations or suggesting answers.
  • For children under 11:
    • Consider completing the questionnaire with them, reading each statement aloud and discussing their experience in a way appropriate for their age and understanding.
    • Be mindful not to influence their responses by phrasing questions or offering interpretations.

After completion:

  • Thank the participant: Express appreciation for their time and participation.
  • Collect the completed questionnaire: Ensure all questions are answered.

Reliability and Validity

The Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM) demonstrates strong reliability and validity when assessing mindfulness in children and adolescents. The development and validation of the CAMM involved four separate studies with a combined sample size of 1,413 individuals.

Reliability:

  • The CAMM exhibits good internal consistency, with high Cronbach’s alpha values across various samples.
  • Test-retest reliability has been established, showing stability over time.

Validity:

  • The CAMM shows positive correlations with constructs like quality of life, academic competence, and social skills while displaying negative associations with somatic complaints, internalizing symptoms, and externalizing behavior problems..
  • Confirmatory factor analyses support the underlying structure of the CAMM.
  • Translation and adaptation studies demonstrate the utility of the CAMM in diverse linguistic and cultural contexts.

Available Versions

25-Items
10-Items

Reference

Greco, L. A., Baer, R. A., & Smith, G. T. (2011). Assessing mindfulness in children and adolescents: development and validation of the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM). Psychological assessment23(3), 606.

Important Link

Scale File:

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM)?
The Child and Adolescent Mindfulness Measure (CAMM) is a 10-item scale designed to assess mindfulness in children and adolescents, focusing on aspects such as self-acceptance, awareness of thoughts and feelings, and present-moment focus.

Who are the authors of the CAMM?
The CAMM was developed by Greco, L., Baer, R. A., & Smith, G. T. in 2011.

How is the CAMM scored?
Participants rate each item on a 5-point Likert scale ranging from 0 (Never True) to 4 (Always True). Total scores are obtained by summing the item scores after applying reverse scoring to certain items. Higher total scores indicate higher levels of mindfulness.

Is the CAMM a reliable measure?
Yes, the CAMM demonstrates good internal consistency and test-retest reliability across various samples.

What evidence supports the validity of the CAMM?
The CAMM shows positive correlations with constructs like quality of life, academic competence, and social skills while displaying negative associations with somatic complaints, internalizing symptoms, and externalizing behavior problems. Confirmatory factor analyses support its underlying structure.

Can the CAMM be used in diverse cultural contexts?
Yes, translation and adaptation studies have shown that the CAMM is applicable in diverse linguistic and cultural settings.

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