Attitudes Towards Women Scale
The Attitudes Toward Women Scale (AWS), developed by Janet T. Spence and Robert Helmreich in the early 1970s, measures attitudes about the rights and roles of women—relative to men—in occupational, educational, and relational domains. As an attitude measure focusing on gender roles, the AWS assesses opinions about the behavioral patterns deemed appropriate for men and women in society. Examples include believing that men should be more responsible for supporting their families, whereas women should be more responsible for nurturing their children.
A short (25-item) version of the Spence-Helmreich (1972) Attitudes toward Women Scale (AWS) is presented. Correlations between scores on the short and the full (55-item) version for groups of male and female students and groups of their parents were .95 or above. The results of factor analysis and part-whole correlations also indicated the similarity of the two forms. Normative data for the student and parent samples are described.
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