Acceptance of Illness Scale
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About Acceptance of Illness Scale
The Acceptance of Illness Scale is an instrument of measurement in the promotion and psychology of health. It consists of eight statements describing the negative impact of poor health status and its consequences for functioning in the world. The respondents were evaluating statements on a scale from 1 (poor adaptation to the disease) to 5 (full acceptance of the disease).
The acceptance of the illness scale was drawn up by Felton, Revenson, and Hinrichsen and translated into Polish by Juczyński. The survey comprises 8 statements describing difficulties and limitations that are negative effects of poor health status. The limitations are the result of the illness, the feeling of dependency upon other people, lack of self-sufficiency and self-esteem. The answers are scored on a five-point scale with 1 meaning “I definitely agree”, and 5 — “I definitely do not agree”.
The total score oscillates between 8 and 40. It is a general assessment of the level of acceptance of illness. The lower score, the poorer acceptance of the disease, and the more severe restrictions caused by the condition. A high score means acceptance of own health status and lack of negative emotions related to illness. The Polish version of AIS has a high Cronbach alpha coefficient — 0.82, which is in accordance with the original version of the scale.
The consent to conduct the study with this instrument was granted by the Psychological Test Laboratory . The participants of the study were divided into three groups depending on the achieved AIS score: < 29 — great acceptance of illness, 19 — 29 average acceptance, and 8−18 — lack of acceptance.