Chronic Pain Values Inventory

by Psychology Roots

Chronic Pain Values Inventory

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About Chronic Pain Values Inventory

Scale Name

Chronic Pain Values Inventory

Author Details

Linda M. McCracken and Samantha Yang

Translation Availability

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Chronic Pain Values Inventory
Chronic Pain Values Inventory


Chronic pain can be a relentless struggle, not only physically but also psychologically. It can significantly impact a person’s ability to live a life that aligns with their core values and beliefs. This is where the Chronic Pain Values Inventory (CPVI) comes in.

Developed in 2006 by Linda M. McCracken and Samantha Yang, the CPVI is a brief, 12-item self-report measure designed to assess two key aspects in individuals living with chronic pain:

  • Identifying their personal values: The inventory explores six core value domains considered crucial for overall well-being: family, intimate relationships, friends, work, health, and growth/learning.
  • Evaluating their success in living according to those values: By rating their perceived success in each domain, individuals can identify areas where chronic pain may be hindering their ability to live a life consistent with their values.

This approach reflects the core principle of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), which emphasizes living a meaningful life guided by one’s values, even amidst challenges like chronic pain. By understanding the values-pain connection, individuals can begin to develop strategies that allow them to live a more fulfilling life despite the limitations imposed by pain.

Administration, Scoring and Interpretation

The CPVI is a self-report measure, meaning individuals complete it independently. Here’s a general outline of the administration process:


  • Secure a copy of the CPVI questionnaire.
  • Ensure you have a pen or pencil for participants to complete the form.


  • Choose a quiet and private space where the participant feels comfortable answering personal questions.


  • Briefly explain the purpose of the CPVI: to understand someone’s values and how chronic pain may be impacting their ability to live according to those values.
  • Emphasize that there are no right or wrong answers and encourage them to respond honestly and thoughtfully.


  • Guide the participant through the questionnaire.
  • The CPVI consists of 12 items, each focusing on a specific value domain: family, intimate relationships, friends, work, health, and growth/learning.
  • Each item has two parts:
    • Importance rating: Participants rate the importance of each value domain on a scale from 1 (not important at all) to 5 (extremely important).
    • Success rating: Participants rate how successful they believe they are in living according to that specific value in light of their chronic pain, using a scale from 1 (not successful at all) to 5 (extremely successful).

After Completion:

  • Once completed, thank the participant for their time.
  • If appropriate, discuss the individual’s responses and explore any areas where discrepancies between values and current life experience may be present.

Reliability and Validity

The Chronic Pain Values Inventory (CPVI) demonstrates good evidence of both reliability and validity, making it a valuable tool for assessing the impact of chronic pain on individuals’ values and their ability to live in accordance with them.

Here’s a breakdown of its strengths in each area:


Internal consistency: The CPVI has shown high internal consistency, meaning the individual items within each subscale are highly correlated and measure the same underlying construct effectively. This is typically assessed using Cronbach’s alpha, and the CPVI reports a Cronbach’s alpha of .82, exceeding the recommended threshold of .70 for good reliability.


Construct validity: The CPVI demonstrates good construct validity, indicating that it measures what it is intended to measure. This is supported by evidence that:

  • Scores correlate positively with measures of acceptance and avoidance of pain, suggesting the inventory captures the extent to which individuals are living in accordance with their values despite pain.
  • Scores correlate with other psychological measures such as disability, depression, and pain-related anxiety, highlighting the connections between values, chronic pain, and overall well-being.

Available Versions



McCracken, L. M., & Yang, S. Y. (2006). The role of values in a contextual cognitive-behavioral approach to chronic pain. Pain123(1-2), 137-145.

Important Link

Scale File:

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the CPVI?
A brief self-report measure to assess values and how chronic pain impacts living by those values.

Who developed it?
Linda M. McCracken and Samantha Yang in 2006.

How is it administered?
Individuals complete a questionnaire rating the importance of six core values and their success in living by them.

What are the benefits of using the CPVI?
Helps identify discrepancies between values and current life experience, guiding strategies for living a more fulfilling life despite pain.

Is the CPVI reliable and valid?
Yes, it shows good internal consistency and construct validity.


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