HEXACO Personality Inventory – Revised Urdu

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HEXACO Personality Inventory – Revised Urdu

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About HEXACO Personality Inventory – Revised Urdu

Scale Name

HEXACO Personality Inventory – Revised Urdu

Author Details

Rubina Hanif, Shaista Waqar, Minhaaj Rehman

Translation Availability

Multiple Languages


The HEXACO Personality Inventory-Revised was created by reworking the original HEXACO-PI. The HEXACO-PI-R improves on the preceding HEXACO-PI in two areas. The HEXACO-PI Expressiveness facet of the Extraversion factor has been replaced with a new facet called Social Self-Esteem, which is new to the factor. A second alteration is the removal of the previously described negative self-evaluation scale interstitials.

This facet was eliminated in part due to translation challenges in prior HEXACO-PI versions. Initial inventory translation issues arose from translating items of this nature from English. Furthermore, in certain translated versions of the HEXACO-PI, this facet scale did not have high loadings on the Extraversion factor and did not correlate well with lexical Extraversion factor markers.

These findings lead us to the conclusion that the Extraversion component should be defined in terms of social self-esteem rather than expressiveness. In the sense that it is characterised by self-evaluation, our idea of social self-esteem aligns with the classic definition of self-esteem. While social self-esteem highlights one’s sense of popularity and like by others, it also emphasises self-esteem in the context of interpersonal relationships.

We chose to eliminate the Negative Self-Evaluation facet when we introduced the new Social Self-Esteem facet. The distribution of the latter scale was extremely skewed, and we concluded that the Social Self-Esteem facet, together with the other HEXACO-PI facets, accounted for substantially all of the predictive validity of Negative Self-Evaluation (for example, the Anxiety component of the Emotionality factor).

The HEXACO-PI-R assesses a total of 24 features, including the interstitial Altruism vs Antagonism variable. As a result, the full-length HEXACO-200 (HEXACO-200) comprises 200 items, whereas the HEXACO-PI-R (HEXACO-200) contains 100.

To be explicit, the elements on the Altruism aspect scale are not considered in the computations for the six HEXACO component scales. Altruism, like the other 24 facets, can be included in factor scores calculated as principal components. The majority of the loadings on this facet are for honesty-humility, emotionality, and agreeableness.

Administration, Scoring and Interpretation

  • Materials: Ensure you have the HEXACO-PI-R Urdu version manual, questionnaires, and scoring sheets.
  • Environment: Choose a quiet and comfortable environment free from distractions to administer the test.
  • Instructions: Familiarize yourself with the administration instructions provided in the manual.
  • Explain the purpose of the assessment to the participant.
  • Obtain informed consent, ensuring the participant understands their rights and the confidentiality of their responses.
  • Provide the participant with the HEXACO-PI-R Urdu questionnaire.
  • Instruct them to read each item carefully and respond honestly based on their feelings and behaviors.
  • Ensure they understand the response format (e.g., Likert scale, true/false).

Reliability and Validity


  • Reliability refers to the consistency or stability of scores produced by an assessment tool. For the HEXACO-PI-R Urdu version to be considered reliable, it should yield consistent results over time and across different situations.
  • Internal Consistency: This refers to how consistently the items within each of the six domains measure the same construct. Cronbach’s alpha is commonly used to assess internal consistency. A Cronbach’s alpha value above 0.70 is generally considered acceptable.
  • Test-Retest Reliability: This measures the stability of scores over time. Participants should produce similar scores when retested after a certain period. A high correlation coefficient (e.g., above 0.70) between the initial and retest scores indicates good test-retest reliability.


Validity refers to how well an assessment tool measures what it is supposed to measure.

  • Content Validity: This ensures that the items on the HEXACO-PI-R Urdu version represent all facets of the six personality domains adequately. Content validity is usually established by expert review.
  • Construct Validity:
    • Convergent Validity: This examines whether the HEXACO-PI-R Urdu version correlates positively with other measures of similar constructs. For instance, scores on Honesty-Humility should correlate positively with other measures of honesty and integrity.
    • Discriminant Validity: This assesses whether the HEXACO-PI-R Urdu version differentiates between unrelated constructs. For example, scores on Emotionality should not correlate too strongly with measures of intelligence or other unrelated personality traits.
    • Criterion Validity: This assesses whether scores on the HEXACO-PI-R Urdu version predict relevant outcomes. For example, Conscientiousness scores might predict academic performance or job performance.

Cultural Adaptation

Adapting the HEXACO-PI-R for Urdu-speaking populations involves not just translation but also ensuring cultural relevance. This might involve rephrasing items to ensure they are easily understood and relevant to Urdu-speaking individuals.

Available Versions



Lee, K., & Ashton, M. C. (n.d.). The HEXACO personality inventory – revised. The HEXACO Personality Inventory – Revised. https://hexaco.org/hexaco-inventory

Important Link

Scale File:

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the HEXACO-PI-R?
The HEXACO-PI-R is an assessment tool that measures six major dimensions of personality: Honesty-Humility, Emotionality, Extraversion, Agreeableness, Conscientiousness, and Openness to Experience.

Is the Urdu version of HEXACO-PI-R reliable?
Yes, the reliability of the Urdu version should be established through psychometric testing, including internal consistency and test-retest reliability.

How is the validity of the Urdu version ensured?
The validity is ensured through content validity, construct validity (convergent and discriminant), and criterion validity. Cultural adaptation is also crucial for relevance to Urdu-speaking individuals.

Who can use the HEXACO-PI-R Urdu version?
Professionals in psychology, human resources, and research can use it to assess personality traits in Urdu-speaking individuals.

How long does it take to complete the HEXACO-PI-R Urdu version?
It typically takes 15-30 minutes to complete the HEXACO-PI-R, but this can vary depending on the respondent.

Can the HEXACO-PI-R Urdu version be used for clinical purposes?
While it’s primarily designed for research and assessment in non-clinical settings, it can provide insights into personality traits relevant to clinical contexts.

Is the HEXACO-PI-R suitable for all age groups?
Yes, the HEXACO-PI-R is suitable for adults of all age groups, but it’s not typically used for children or adolescents.

How do I score and interpret the results of the HEXACO-PI-R Urdu version?
Scoring and interpretation guidelines are typically provided with the assessment materials or can be obtained from professionals trained in using the HEXACO-PI-R.

Can the HEXACO-PI-R Urdu version be administered online?
Yes, it can be administered online, but it’s important to ensure secure and reliable platforms for data collection.

Is the HEXACO-PI-R available for free?
The HEXACO-PI-R is a copyrighted assessment


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