The Death Attitude Profile-Revised (DAP-R): A Multidimensional Measure of Attitudes Towards Death
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Abstract of the Article
Three hundred subjects, evenly divided into young, middle-aged and older adults, completed the Death Attitude Profile-Revised (DAP-R), semantic differential ratings of life and death, and measures of well-being. Subsamples also completed Templer’s Death Anxiety Scale and Hooper and Spilka’s Death Perspective Scale. Principal components factor analysis confirmed our five theoretical scales, namely: Approach Acceptance (AA), Escape Acceptance (EA), Neutral Acceptance (NA), Fear of Death (FD), and Death Avoidance (DA).
A subsample from each age group did a retest four weeks later. All scales were internally consistent, stable and valid. Generally, older adults were more accepting and less afraid of death, and females were more accepting (AA and EA) and less avoidant of death. Of the three measures of death acceptance, only NA correlated positively with perceived physical and psychological well-being and negatively with depression. Both FD and DA correlated negatively with psychological well-being; FD correlated positively with depression. These findings demonstrate the importance of measuring a broad spectrum of death attitudes and their different relations to perceived well-being.
Authors of the Article
- Paul T. P. Wong
- Gary T. Reker
- Gina Gesser
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