General attitudes towards marriage scale
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About General Attitudes Towards Marriage Scale
General attitudes towards marriage scale (GAMS): The attitudes towards the marriage of adolescents were measured with the ten items GAMS (Park and Rosén 2013). The General Attitudes Towards Marriage Scale is part of the Marital Scales. The Marital Scales consist of a set of three scales which was designed to measure intent, attitudes, and aspects of marital relationships. The General Attitudes Towards Marriage Scale examines individuals’ perceptions of marriage using a 7-point Likert scale, ranging from 0 (Strongly disagree) to 6 (Strongly agree). The content of the General Attitudes Towards Marriage Scale includes positive attitudes, negative attitudes, as well as fears and doubts towards marriage. A higher total score upon adjusting for reverse scoring indicates more positive attitudes towards marriage. The General Attitudes Towards Marriage Scale demonstrated good internal consistency (α = .84) and construct validity in the original article.
Intent to marry scale (IMS): The three items IMS was developed alongside with General Attitudes Towards Marriage Scale in the Marital Scales (Park and Rosén 2013). The IMS attempts to examine individuals’ intention to get married in the future. The IMS employs the same item response of GAMS, ranging from 0 to 6, and a higher adjusted total score indicates greater intention to marry. Comparably, the internal consistency of IMS is remarkably good (α = .91) and valid. Overt marital conflict: The ten items overt marital conflict was originally developed as a measurement for mother reported overt marital hostility (Porter and O’Leary 1980).
Participants responded to questions in relation to how frequent inter-parental conflict occur in front of them. The items’ responses are reversely scored, ranging from 1 (Very often) to 5 (Never), with a higher total score indicates more frequent arguments between parents. This instrument has relatively good test-retest reliability (α = .96) and convergent validity (Porter and O’Leary 1980).
The revisited version of inventory for parent and peer attachment (IPPA). The revisited IPPA is three separable inventories that are intended to capture adolescents’ relationship quality with both parents and peers (25 items each; Armsden and Greenberg 1987). As only the mother-adolescent relationship is of concern in the present study, the participants were instructed to rate the occurrence of 25 potential mother-offspring interactions from 1 (Almost never of never true) to 5 (Almost always or always true). The total score was summed up after adjusting for inverse scores, with a higher total score indicates a more positive relationship with the mother. The psychometric properties of revisited IPPA were well-tested in various settings (Guarnieri et al. 2010; Gullone and Robinson 2005).
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