Death Attitude Profile – Revised
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About Death Attitude Profile – Revised
Given the extremely good empirical fit to the theoretically derived DAP-R scales, we eliminated the factorially complex item and the three “intrusion” items and refactored the remaining 32 items. The factor structure is presented in Table 1. The final DAP-R consists of 10 Approaches.
Alpha coefficients of internal consistency and 4-week test-retest coefficients of stability are presented in Table 3. Alpha coefficients range from a low of .65 (Neutral Acceptance) to a high of .97 (Approach Acceptance); stability coefficients range from a low of .61 (Death Avoidance) to a high of .95 (Approach Acceptance). Taken together, the DAP-R scales have good to very good reliability.
To our knowledge, the DAP-R is the only instrument that measures a broad spectrum of death attitudes. It is our contention that a better understanding of death fear can be achieved only in the context of other death attitudes. It would not be fruitful to study death fear in isolation. It is possible that the same level of death fear may reflect very different death attitudes. For example, the person with a low death fear and a high escape acceptance is very different from another person with the same low level of death fear, but a high neutral acceptance. The former is probably sick and tired of living; the latter may be highly motivated to complete his/her life tasks before it is too late. Therefore, it is the patterns of different death attitudes rather than the magnitude of a single death attitude that best captures individual differences.
The findings on the relative magnitude of death attitudes reinforce our observation that death acceptance is more salient than death anxiety. The scores for both DF and DA tend to be around the midpoint of the 7-point scale, thus reflecting uncertainty. All scores for the three acceptance scales reflect endorsement. Sooner or later, all individuals must in their own ways come to terms with their personal mortality. Therefore, it is important to study how individuals psychologically prepare themselves for the final exit and measure the different routes towards death acceptance.