Adolescent Relationship Scale Questionnaire
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About Adolescent Relationship Scale Questionnaire
Adolescent relationship scale questionnaire (ARSQ; Scharfe, 1997). It is a revision of the Relationship Scales Questionnaire (Griffin & Bartholomew, 1994) for use with adolescents. It is a 17 item questionnaire scored on 5 point likert scale ranging from ‘1 = not at all’ to ‘5 = very much’. Participants are asked to rate the extent to which each statement best describes their characteristic style in close relationships. It yields the four-category model of attachment composing of secure, fearful, preoccupied and dismissing sub-scales. The scale can also be used to calculate Bartholomew’s model of self and other using these formulas: Self Model = (secure + dismissing) – (fearful + preoccupied)].
Other Model = (secure + preoccupied) – (fearful + dismissing). This method is the preferred method (Griffin & Bartholomew, 1994). This is supported by the fact that the low alpha reliabilities of four attachment prototypes reflect two underlying dimensions (Ognibene & Collins, 1998; Cetin, Tuzun, Pehlivanturk, Unal, & Gokler, 2010; Griffin & Bartholomew, 1994). In the present study, this scale was used as an indicator of underlying models of self and other which are either positive or negative. Studies assessing attachment styles using ARSQ among adolescents have shown that those having secure attachment have higher well-being scores (Yang et al., 2008) and lower depressive and anxious symptoms (Keskin & Cam, 2010). ARSQ was translated in the present study to Urdu language.