Children’s Attributional Style Questionnaire
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About Children’s Attributional Style Questionnaire
CASQ was developed by Seligman and his colleagues (1984). It is a forced-choice instrument that contains hypothetical positive or negative events involving the child. Each event is followed by two possible explanations. The child’s explanatory style for the causes of events is conceptualized in three dimensions: global-specific, stable-unstable, internal-external. Attributing the cause of events to external, stable, and global factors indicate a helpless explanatory style.
The questionnaire contains 48 items. For each item, children are asked to select one of two possible causes. A total helplessness score can be obtained from CASQ. CASQ was adapted into Turkish by Aydın (1985). The 4-week test-retest reliability was found to be .83. The content validity showed that the mean ratings of the judges who rated the items of the instrument as valid and showing that the device assessed what it meant to assess were 96.1 % for all items. This gave support for the content validity of the questionnaire