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Anxiety and Depression in Nurses Working in Government Tertiary care Teaching Hospitals of Peshawar KPK and their Relationship with job Stress

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Abstract of the Article

Objectives: To estimate the prevalence and intensity of anxiety and depression and its relationship with job stress among the nursing staff.
Methodology: This cross-sectional analytical descriptive study was conducted in three teaching hospitals of Peshawar from 1st August 2006 to 30th November 2006. Convenient sampling was used. The sample consisted of 700 nurses. Sociodemographic details were collected through a proforma. A self-rating translated Job Stress Questionnaire was administered followed by a self-rating Urdu version of the AKUAD scale for the estimation of job stress and intensity of anxiety and depression. SPSS version 16 was used for statistics.
 

Anxiety and Depression in Nurses Working in Government Tertiary care Teaching Hospitals of Peshawar KPK and their Relationship with job Stress
Anxiety and Depression in Nurses Working in Government Tertiary care Teaching Hospitals of Peshawar KPK and their Relationship with job Stress
Results: The prevalence of anxiety and depression was 100% with a mean score of 41±10.70 and job stress 38.96±18.76. The prevalence of mild, moderate, severe and very severe degrees of anxiety and depression was 55.6%,39.3%,4.6% and 0.6% respectively. There was no significant correlation between total scores on (AKUADS) and job stress on JSQ (0.836 P≥0.5). Five items of job stress: Inability to satisfy patients (0.022, P ≤0.5), health hazards (o.oo3, P ≤o.5), dealing with violent patients (0.001, P≤0.5), dealing with abusive patients(0.043≤0.5) and shift work(0.027, P ≤0.05) showed statistically negative correlation with severity of anxiety and depression.
Conclusion: All nurses in our study had anxiety and depression, the majority were in the mild to moderate intensity range. Although no significant relationship was observed between anxiety and depression and job stress as a whole, yet a significant negative relationship with some aspects of job stress was found. The findings reflected a public health issue.

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