Ages and Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional 2

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Ages and Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional 2

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About Ages and Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional 2

Scale Name

Ages and Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional 2

Author Details

Jane Squires, Diane Bricker, and Elizabeth Twombly

Translation Availability

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Ages and Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional 2
Ages and Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional 2


The Ages & Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional 2 (ASQ:SE-2) emerged from a critical need for early detection of social-emotional delays in young children. The first edition addressed this concern, and the ASQ:SE-2 builds upon that foundation.

This second edition offers a refined and comprehensive approach to social-emotional screening for children between 1 month and 6 years old. It empowers parents and caregivers to be active participants in their child’s development by providing a tool that focuses solely on social and emotional well-being.

The ASQ:SE-2 questionnaire itself is designed for parents to complete easily, typically taking only 10-15 minutes. It asks questions about a child’s behaviors across seven key areas: self-regulation, compliance, daily living skills, autonomy, expressing emotions, social communication, and interaction with others. By responding to these questions, parents provide valuable insights that can be used to identify any potential areas of concern.

Administration, Scoring and Interpretation

The Ages & Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional 2 (ASQ:SE-2) is designed for parent or caregiver completion, making it a user-friendly tool for social-emotional development screening. Here’s a breakdown of the administration process:

  • Who administers:
    • Parents or caregivers who are familiar with the child’s daily routines and behaviors are best suited to complete the questionnaire.
  • How it’s administered:
    • There are specific questionnaires for different age ranges (2 months, 6 months, 12 months, etc.) up to 6 years old. The appropriate version should be chosen based on the child’s current age.
    • The questionnaire itself is typically a paper form with clear and concise questions about the child’s behavior in various situations. Instructions and scoring guidelines are usually included.
    • Parents answer the questions based on their observations of the child’s recent behavior. Answer choices may involve selecting “Yes,” “No,” “Sometimes,” or providing a brief description.
  • Where it’s administered:
    • There’s no designated location for completing the ASQ:SE-2. Parents can fill it out at home, during a doctor’s visit, or any comfortable and private setting.
      Time commitment:
    • The ASQ:SE-2 is designed for efficiency. Completing the questionnaire typically takes around 10-15 minutes.
  • Follow-up:
    • Scoring instructions are provided to calculate the results. However, interpreting the scores and identifying potential concerns is best done by a healthcare professional like a pediatrician or a child development specialist.
    • If a child scores low in certain areas, a follow-up appointment may be recommended for further evaluation and potential intervention strategies.

Reliability and Validity

The Ages & Stages Questionnaires: Social-Emotional 2 (ASQ:SE-2) demonstrates good reliability and validity, making it a valuable tool for social-emotional development screening. Here’s a breakdown of these aspects:


  • Internal Consistency: This refers to how well the questions within the ASQ:SE-2 measure the same construct (social-emotional development). Studies show high internal consistency with coefficient alpha ranging from 0.67 to 0.91, with an overall alpha of 0.82. This indicates the questions are measuring a consistent underlying concept.
  • Test-Retest Reliability: This assesses how consistent the scores are if the questionnaire is completed twice within a short time frame (typically weeks). The ASQ-SE-2 shows good test-retest reliability with scores remaining stable across administrations, with a reported rate of 89%.


  • Concurrent Validity: This compares the ASQ-SE-2 scores with scores from other established measures of social-emotional development. Studies report a range of 71% to 90% agreement between the ASQ-SE-2 and other measures, with an overall agreement of 84%. This suggests the ASQ-SE-2 aligns well with other assessment tools.
  • Sensitivity and Specificity: These measures assess how well the ASQ-SE-2 identifies children with potential social-emotional delays (sensitivity) and accurately screens out children who are developing typically (specificity). The ASQ-SE-2 shows good performance with sensitivity ranging from 75% to 89% and specificity ranging from 82% to 96%. This indicates the tool effectively flags children who might need further evaluation while minimizing false positives.

Available Versions



Squires, J., Bricker, D., & Twombly, E. (n.d.). ASQ®:SE-2 Starter Kit. Shop Brookes Publishing.

Important Link

Scale File:

Frequently Asked Questions

What is it?
A social-emotional development screening tool for children 1 month to 6 years old.

Who uses it?
Parents/caregivers complete it, but healthcare professionals may interpret scores.

How long does it take?
Typically 10-15 minutes.

What does it assess?
7 areas of social-emotional development: self-regulation, compliance, daily living skills, autonomy, emotions, communication, and interaction.

Is it reliable?
Yes, shows good consistency in scores (internal consistency & test-retest reliability).

Is it valid?
Yes, aligns with other assessments (concurrent validity) and effectively identifies potential delays (sensitivity & specificity).

Who developed it?
Jane Squires, Ph.D., Diane Bricker, Ph.D., and Elizabeth Twombly, M.S.


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