Stakeholders’ perspective on mental health laws in Pakistan: A mixed method study
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About Stakeholders’ perspective on mental health laws in Pakistan: A mixed method study
The present study explored awareness and opinions pertaining to mental health legislation in Pakistan in the context of the United Nations Convention on Rights of People with Disabilities (UNCRPD) through a mixed-method research design. In the quantitative arm of the study, a structured questionnaire examined the awareness and opinions of key stakeholders pertaining to national mental health legislation.
In the qualitative arm, face-to-face interviews further elaborated stakeholders’ perspectives pertaining to these topics with thematic analysis conducted. Stakeholders demonstrated a good awareness of legislation pertaining to guardianship (83.0 %) appointment of property managers (89.7%) and salary or pension entitlements (89.2%).
Compared to other stakeholders, patients had less understanding of processes pertaining to involuntary admission (χ2 = 20.54, p = 0.02) and appointing a guardian (χ2 = 34.67, p < 0.01). High consensus across stakeholders was noted for processes of involuntary detention (83.5%) and appointment of guardians or property managers (80.0%) albeit patients demonstrated less agreement on these topics (p <0.01). Minimal support was noted for an involuntary patient to be discharged solely on a psychiatrist’s recommendation (25.4%).
Thematic analysis indicated fifteen emergent themes: 1) Alienation/ Seclusion; 2) Capacity building; 3) Communication Gap; 4) Conflict of interests; 5) Discomfort at the hospital; 6) Economic burden; 7) Government’s liability; 8) Family involvement; 9) Imbalance; 10) Acceptance of Legal Incapacity; 11) Legal reforms; 12) Patient-centered environment; 13) Quality assurance; 14) Underdeveloped infrastructure and 15) Potential unethical practices. This study advocate for increased patient involvement in collaborative decision-making with mental health professionals and the creation of more appropriate inpatient treatment environments.
Authors of Stakeholders’ perspective on mental health laws in Pakistan: A mixed method study
- Muhammad Tahir Khalily
- Aziz ur Rehman
- Mujeeb Masud Bhatti
- Brian Hallahan
- Irshad Ahmad
- Muhammad Ifzal Mehmood
- Shamsher Hayat Khan
- Bilal Ahmed Khan
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