The Development of a Self-Esteem Scale for University Students
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Abstract of the Article
The present study aimed to develop a measure of self-esteem for university students. For this purpose, the expression of self-esteem was explored from 25 university students (15 male; 10 female) using the semi-structured interview based on Mruk’s definition of self-esteem (1999). A list of 62 items was converted into a self-report measure Self-Esteem Scale (SES).
For establishing the psychometric properties of SES was presented along with a demographic Performa and translated version of Rosenberg Self -Esteem Scale (Rosenberg, 1965) to 445 university students (226 male; 219 female). Factor analysis of SES showed a 5-factor solution namely Low Self -Esteem, Resilience, Withdrawn, Sociability and Self-Confidence. SES was found to have acceptable psychometric properties. Results are discussed in terms of the factor structure of SES, gender differences in the level of self-esteem in the cultural context.
Authors of the Article
- Nazia Zafar,
- Sadia Saleem
- Zahid Mahmood ([email protected])
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