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Time Management Questionnaire
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About Time Management Questionnaire
Time Management Questionnaire
Britton and Tesser
The Time Management Questionnaire (TMQ) was developed by Britton and Tesser in 1991 to measure time management behaviors and feelings about time. It is a self-report questionnaire that consists of 18 items rated on a 5-point Likert scale (1 = strongly disagree, 5 = strongly agree). The TMQ assesses three dimensions of time management:
- Short-range planning: This dimension assesses the respondent’s use of daily and weekly planning to manage their time.
- Long-range planning: This dimension assesses the respondent’s goal setting and planning for the future.
- Time attitudes: This dimension assesses the respondent’s feelings about time, such as whether they feel rushed or in control of their time.
The TMQ has been shown to be a reliable and valid measure of time management in a variety of populations, including students, employees, and clinical populations. It has been used in research to examine the relationship between time management and a variety of other factors, such as academic performance, job satisfaction, and mental health.
The TMQ can be used for a variety of purposes, such as:
- Assessing individual time management skills
- Identifying areas for improvement in time management
- Tracking changes in time management skills over time
- Evaluating the effectiveness of time management interventions
The TMQ is a valuable tool for anyone who wants to improve their time management skills. It is easy to use and provides insights into how you can better manage your time.
Administration, Scoring and Interpretation
- Provide respondents with a quiet and comfortable place to complete the questionnaire.
- Give respondents enough time to complete the questionnaire at their own pace.
- Instruct respondents to answer each item honestly and to the best of their ability.
- If you are administering the questionnaire in a group setting, be sure to answer any questions that respondents may have.
Reliability and Validity
The Time Management Questionnaire (TMQ) has been shown to be a reliable and valid measure of time management in a variety of populations.
Reliability refers to the consistency of a measure. A reliable measure will produce similar results when administered to the same people on different occasions. The TMQ has been shown to have high reliability, as measured by Cronbach’s alpha coefficients of 0.80 or higher. This means that the items on the TMQ are consistent with each other and measure the same underlying construct (time management).
- Content validity: The items on the TMQ are relevant to the concept of time management and cover a broad range of time management behaviors and feelings about time.
- Criterion validity: The TMQ has been shown to correlate with other measures of time management, such as self-reported time management behaviors and objective measures of productivity.
- Construct validity: The TMQ has been shown to be associated with other variables that are theoretically related to time management, such as academic achievement, job satisfaction, and mental health.
Britton, B. K., & Tesser, A. (1991). Effects of time-management practices on college
grades. Journal of Educational Psychology, 83, 405-410. doi: 10.1037/0022-0618.104.22.1685
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the TMQ?
The TMQ is a self-report questionnaire that measures time management behaviors and feelings about time.
How is the TMQ scored?
The TMQ is scored by summing the respondent’s responses to all 18 items. Higher scores indicate better time management skills.
What are the three subscales of the TMQ?
The three subscales of the TMQ are short-range planning, long-range planning, and time attitudes.
How reliable and valid is the TMQ?
The TMQ is a reliable and valid measure of time management in a variety of populations.
Where can I find the TMQ?
You can find the TMQ online or in a variety of self-help books and articles on time management.
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