Ages & Stages Questionnaire: Social-Emotional
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About Ages & Stages Questionnaire: Social-Emotional
Ages & Stages Questionnaire: Social-Emotional (ASQ: SE; Squires et al. 2002). The ASQ: SE is a parent-report screening questionnaire used to identify 6- to 60-month-olds requiring further evaluation for social and emotional problems. The ASQ: SE consists of 22–36 items (depending on age) rated either as ‘‘yes,’’ ‘‘sometimes,’’ or ‘‘not yet’’ and yields scores for seven behavioral areas (self-regulation, compliance, communication, adaptive behaviors, autonomy, affect, and interactions with people).
The questionnaire was normed using a national sample of 3,014 3- to 66-month-olds (Squires et al. 2001). The normative sample yielded good psychometric properties, including Cronbach’s alphas between .67 and .81 and an average test–retest reliability of 94% for 1- to 3-week intervals. Concurrent validity was demonstrated by comparing classifications on the ASQ:SE with classifications on the Vineland Social-Emotional Early Childhood Scale (SEECS; Sparrow et al. 1998) and questionnaires of maternal psychological distress in a clinical sample (Salomonsson and Sleed 2010).
Discriminative validity was illustrated by the fact that 24% of children in foster care were identified using the ASQ: SE compared to only 4% using provider surveillance. Collectively, these findings provide initial evidence for the utility of the ASQ: SE as an effective screening tool. With regard to its practical utility, the majority of parents who completed the ASQ: SE thought it was easy to understand, included appropriate questions, and took less than 10 min to complete (Squires et al. 2001). Administration of the ASQ: SE should take place in screening settings with large numbers of children, such as pediatric primary care and child care or educational settings, to identify infants at risk that need further evaluation for social and emotional problems.